Syllabus_F2011_Chap15

Syllabus_F2011_Chap15 - Biological Science: Principles and...

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Biological Science: Principles and Reasoning Honors 260 (sec. 002) Syllabus Chapters 15 Fall 2011 Instructor: Danny L Raymer 275 WIDB 602-0944
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WILDLIFE AND WILDERNESS Wilderness --Wildlife Management Issues and Values: Henry David Thoreau wrote "In wilderness is the preservation of the world". I concur with Foreman (1991Confessions of an Eco-Warrior) that we are now living in the most critical moment of the 31/2 billion year history of the earth. For most of this time, except for the very brief history of modern man, life has been developing, expanding, and through diversification, filling ever available ecological niche. This life and their resultant environment are intertwined in complex global relationships. The Gaia Hypothesis (Mother Earth) (James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis) puts forth convincing evidence that the Earth functions as a complex organism. Natural wilderness was the operational framework for Gala until modem man began to negatively influence, first major portions and now, the whole biosphere. A) What is "wilderness"? Small “w” is the natural, real world where the fabric of life was and is woven. Large “W” are areas set aside by law and protected. 1) Wilderness Act of 1964: This Act established the National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) and was initially composed of the pre-existing Wilderness and Wild Areas on the National Forests (about 9 million acres). a. Area preserved in the NWPS 1. In the 1964 Wilderness Act about 8.9 million acres were preserved. 2. The Endangered American Wilderness Act of 1978 preserved another 6.9 million acres. 3. The 1980 Alaska Lands Act preserved about 60.2 million acres. 4. The 1968 Wild and Scenic Rivers Act essentially added to the concept of the NWPS. 5. Current status – of the 90 million acres of Wilderness, only 38% are in the lower 48 states. 3
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course BIO 260 taught by Professor Dannyraymer during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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Syllabus_F2011_Chap15 - Biological Science: Principles and...

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