4.2 The Assyrian Empire

4.2 The Assyrian Empire - The Assyrian Empire The Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: The Assyrian Empire The Chapter 4, Section 2 Assyria develops a military machine and establishes a well­organized administration. A Mighty Military Machine Mighty Assyria • Assyria uses military might to acquire empire across Southwest Asia The Rise of a Warrior People • After invasions in Mesopotamia, Assyrians develop warlike behavior. • Assyrian king Sennacherib brutally destroys enemies. A Mighty Military Machine (cont.) (cont.) Military Organization and Conquest • Glorified armies wear metal armor, copper helmets, leather protection. • Use iron weapons, engineering skill, and brute force to conquer cities. • Kill, enslave, or banish captive peoples to distant lands The Empire Expands The Kings of Assyria • Defeat Syria, Palestine, Babylonia between 850 and 650 B.C. Assyrian Rule • Creates central authority over local governors of dependent regions. • Collects taxes and tribute from conquered lands. The Empire Expands The Assyrian Culture • Rulers build great cities, including capital at Nineveh • Carved sculptures of military campaigns and the lion hunt. • King Ashurbanipal builds library of 20,000 tablets; Epic of Gilgamesh The Empire Crumbles The Early Warnings • Empire spread thin, cruelty earns many enemies, Ashurbanipal dies Decline and Fall • Army of Medes and Chaldeans destroys Nineveh (612 B.C.); library survives Rebirth of Babylon Under the Chaldeans • • • • Chaldeans make Babylon capital of own empire King Nebuchadnezzar builds legendary hanging gardens of Babylon Builds tall ziggurats; astronomers make discoveries about solar system Chaldean Empire falls to Persians; they adopt Assyrian inventions. A Biblical Reference to Sennacherib Sennacherib 2 Kings 19:36­37 (ESV) “Then Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and went home and lived at Nineveh. And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer, his sons, struck him down with the sword and escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.” ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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