8. Ismailis - The Isma’ilis: following Isma’il b....

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Unformatted text preview: The Isma’ilis: following Isma’il b. Ja’far Fatimids, Nizaris, Musta’lians,Bohras, and Khojas seeing the early Isma’ilis, as the early Shi’a in general, through Sunni heresiography the role of Abu al-Khattab (d. 138/756), follower of Ja‘far al-Sadiq (d. 148/765), cursed by Ja’far the Khattabiyya transferred their allegiance to Ja‘far’s son Isma’il, who had been designated ( mansus ), but predeceased his father; held the imam to be divine Isma’il’s supporters split between those who saw him as the mahdı, who would return, and those who held his son, Muhammad, to be the imam Another succession debate: Ja’far al- Another succession debate: Ja’far al- Sadiq and the doctrine of Sadiq and the doctrine of nass nass Nebulous early history: Isma’ili community split: the majority (later Qaramita) who believed that Muhammad was the seventh and last imam/mahdi; minority group followed Isma’ilis descendents (later Fatimids) by mid 3 rd /9 th century the Isma’ilis have an active proselytization network ( da‘wa ) and by end of the century increasing support throughout the Abbasid empire Rise of ‘Ubayd Allah (d. 322/934) and the founding of the Fatimid caliphate in North Africa in 298/909 Succession debate redux: the death of Succession debate redux: the death of Muhammad b. Isma’il (d. ca. 179/796) Muhammad b. Isma’il (d. ca. 179/796) ‘Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi’s elevation of himself from hujja to Imam formally splits Isma’ili community into Qaramita and Fatimids...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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8. Ismailis - The Isma’ilis: following Isma’il b....

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