16 Korea -- Three Kingdoms Forward

16 Korea -- Three Kingdoms Forward - Korea Korea Three...

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Unformatted text preview: Korea Korea Three Kingdoms Forward 16 Pre­history Pre­history Ancient Chosun The mythological unified Korean nation ruled by Tangun from 2333 BC Han tribes 300 BC+ Palais (your text) covers several early kingdoms. We won’t James Palais James Palais Three Kingdoms Three Kingdoms About 50 BCE – 668 CE Koguryo: Northern Korea 37 BC – 668 AD Baekche: Southwestern Korea 18 BC – 663 AD Silla (Pronounced Sheila) Southeastern Korea 57 AD – 668 AD (Victory) Kaya (minor and short lived, usually ignored) Three Kingdoms Three Kingdoms Koguryo: North, was the largest and strongest Included much of Manchuria Battled and resisted China several times Three Kingdoms: Three Kingdoms: Baekche ­­ Southwest First to adopt Buddhism Sent scholars, craftsmen and monks to Japan First destroyed by Silla­ Tang alliance Three Kingdoms: Three Kingdoms: Silla ­­ Southeast Later developer Builds alliance with Tang China to overthrow both Baekche and Koguryo by 668 CE Unites Korea into Unified Silla Dynasty Three Kingdoms division replayed? Three Kingdoms division replayed? Three Kingdoms Map Current division lines similar to 3­ Kingdoms South Korea also divided into East/West regions for domestic politics Coincidence or resurgence??? Contemporary Korean Map Unified Silla Dynasty Unified Silla Dynasty 668 CE – 918 CE Silla dynasty unifies Korean Peninsula Northern kingdom of Parhae is also Korean speaking but usually placed into Manchurian history Parhae Kingdom Parhae Kingdom Ondol Heat The world’s first “centralized” heating system Developed 600­700 CE Unified Silla Unified Silla Sadae Principle Sadae = “Serve the great” Silla allied with Tang China to solve its problem with Koguryo First works with Tang to destroy Baekche and unify southern Peninsula Next works with Tang to destroy Koguryo and unify more of Peninsula Silla Korea recognizes its weakness Alliance with China provides protector Unified Silla Unified Silla Sadae Principle Tributary status with China provides Guidance Protection Access to Chinese economy Peace Help with domestic disturbances if necessary How does a small nation survive? Sadae Watch for this repeating theme… Unified Silla Unified Silla Hwarang Elite military academy Teaches art, poetry, history, horsemanship, and weaponry Unified Silla Unified Silla Religion and State in Silla Unified Silla adopts Buddhism as official state religion Builds massive “Buddhist Nation Temple” Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Pulkuksa Sokaram Sokaram Unified Silla Unified Silla Kyongju as Capital: Art, Architecture Burial practices Royal Tombs Royal Tombs Unified Silla Unified Silla Chomsongdae Observatory Buddhist temple ceiling Buddhist temple ceiling Guard at Guard at Buddhist Temple Gate Eaves from Korean Buddhist Temple Unified Silla Period Unified Silla Period Buddhist Art Unified Silla Unified Silla Hereditary Government “True Bone” lineages Strict intermarriage among nobles Yangban class leadership Silla period court music Confucian forms of ministries Structure looks Confucian No Meritocracy – Exams don’t mean anything Unified Silla Unified Silla Strict Primogeniture inheritance Competition among Siblings Shakespearian style intrigue and tragedy among royal families Patricide, Fratricide, etc. You name it… Royal politics was a blood sport Unified Silla Unified Silla Closing Scenes Factionalism and corruption weaken Silla Dynasty Restoration movements in both Baekche and Koguryo Both gain independence Later Baekche emerges but a splits internally between father and son Alliance between part of later Baekche and Later Koguryo 935 CE: Koguryo overthrows Silla to unify Korea again Takes on the new dynastic name: Koryo ­­ hence Korea ...
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