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2200_D France - France France Mr Green’s Comparative...

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Unformatted text preview: France France Mr. Green’s Comparative Government France France France’s Contribution to Civilization France’s University of Paris Gothic Architecture Gothic Centralized State Centralized Rationalism Comparative GDPs 2006 Rank Comparative Comparative GDPs in 2006 2006 Country GDP in $ 1 United States 13,201,820,000,000 2 Japan 4,340,133,000,000 3 Germany 2,906,681,000,000 4 China 2,668,071,000,000 5 United Kingdom 2,345,015,000,000 6 France 2,230,721,000,000 7 Italy 1,844,749,000,000 8 Canada 1,251,463,000,000 9 Spain 1,223,988,000,000 10 Brazil 1,067,962,000,000 11 Russia 986,939,600,000 12 India 906,268,000,000 14 Mexico 839,181,900,000 29 South Africa 254,991,600,000 31 Iran 222,889,500,000 50 Nigeria 114,686,300,000 2007 2007 The Rise of the French Republic The 768-814: Reign of Charlemagne 768-814: Creation of the Idea of Europe Creation Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne’s Charlemagne Charlemagne The Rise of the French Republic The 768-814: Reign of Charlemagne 768-814: Division of the Empire after Charlemagne’s Death Creates the Idea of France Creates Division of Charlemagne’s Empire After His Death in 814 After The Rise of the French Republic The 987-1500: Medieval France 987: Hugh Capet Becomes King of France and 987: Begins to the French Monarchy Begins 1133-1189: Henry II’s Angevin Empire Include all of 1133-1189: England and Most of France England The Angevin Empire The The Rise of the French Republic The 987-1500: Medieval France 1150: Founding of the University of Paris (now called 1150: the Sorbonne) the Medieval French Kings, especially Phillip Augustus, Medieval Louis IX (St. Louis), and Phillip the Fair Create the Modern French Territories. Modern Chartres Notre Dame Notre (in Paris) (in Gothic Cathedrals Gothic France Around 1500 1500 The Rise of the French Republic 1596-1650: Rene Descartes 1596-1650: A Founder of Modern Philosophy, Creator of Founder Analytical Geometry (the Cartesian Coordinate System), and the Father of Modern Rationalism. System), Cartesian Rationalism Cartesian Knowledge by Pure Reason – Reject all Understanding from Authority or Reject Tradition Tradition – Find New Truths Through Strict Logical Find Reasoning – Reason from Premises (Previously Reason Discovered Truths) To Find New Knowledge. Discovered 1) All humans who have ever lived are mortal. 2) Socrates was human. Therefore, Socrates was mortal. The Rise of the French Republic The 1643-1715: Louis XIV (The Sun King) Centralization of the French State under the King Undermined the power of the nobility by creating Undermined Versailles Versailles Creation of the bureaucracy using Intendants Colbert and Mercantilism Started the Second Hundred Years War (for Empire) War for Spanish Succession (1701-1715) War of Jenkins’ Ear (1639-1743) Seven Years War [or French and Indian War] (1756-63) The American Revolution (1777-1783) Louis XIV Louis Versailles Versailles Gardens at Versailles Gardens The Rise of the French Republic The The French Enlightenment Faith in Cartesian Rationalism Voltaire Diderot and the Encyclopedia Jean Jacques Rousseau’s “The General Will” Jean Jacques Rousseau Rousseau The Rise of the French Republic The 1789: The French Revolution Louis XVI’s Government Bankrupt by a Century of Louis Wars for Empire Wars King Calls for a Meeting of the Estates General Third Estate Declares itself the National Assembly and Demands a Constitution and Louis XVI Louis Tennis Court Oath Tennis Fall of the Bastille Fall Importance of the French Revolution Importance National Revolution – With the American Revolution, it created the idea that With people have the right to choose their own government people International Revolution – Inspired revolutionary activity elsewhere in Europe and Inspired Latin America Liberal Revolution Latin Democratic Revolution – Nation is legitimate only when its citizens have the right Nation to participate to Communist Revolution – Inspired Karl Marx leading to 20th century revolutions in Russia and China Russia The Rise of the French Republic The 1789-1799: French Revolutionary Regimes 1789-1791: Constituent Assembly Abolished feudalism Declaration of the rights of man and citizen 1791: Legislative Assembly Radical vs. Reactionary Invention of Ideology Invention The Rise of the French Republic The 1789-1799: French Revolutionary Regimes 1792-1795: National Convention Robespierre and the Jacobins Levée en masse Levée Abolished the Monarchy (by beheading to the King) and established the First Republic established The Terror – eliminating enemies of the state The Republic of Virtue – creating a state based on reason Maxemillian Robespierre and the Terror and The Rise of the French Republic 1795-1799: The Directory 1795-1799: France’s First Bicameral Legislature setting the precedent France’s for future French Republics: A lower house Council of 500 Council and an upper house Council of Ancients Council The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte The General Bonaparte General The Rise of the French Republic 1799-1815: Napoleon and the First Empire 1799-1815: Conquest of Europe Spread of Enlightenment Ideas Rise of Nationalism Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Arch de Triumph Arch The Rise of the French Republic 1799-1815: Napoleon and the First Empire 1799-1815: Centralized Administration of France Reorganizes French provinces into departments and Reorganizes replaces intendants with prefects Code Napoleon Code Inquisitorial Legal System Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor Provinces, Regions, and Departments Departments The Rise of the French Republic The 1815-1830: Restoration of the Monarchy June 1815: Battle of Waterloo Concert of Europe Louis XVIII and Charles X Battle of Waterloo Battle Europe in 1815 Europe The Rise of the French Republic The 1830-1848: July Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy under King Louis Philippe 1848-1851: The Second Republic 1848-1851: 1851-1871: The Second Empire Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) Plebiscite 1871: Franco-Prussian War Napoleon III Napoleon The Rise of the French Republic The 1871: The Paris Commune 1871-1940: Third Republic Ineffective Government: Weak Executive and Ineffective Proportional Representation Proportional Ideological Schism Conservatives: Pro Church, Pro Monarchy, Centralized State Radicals: Anti Clerical, Pro Democratic, Free Markets Socialist: Evolutionary (Democratic Socialists) and Socialist: Revolutionary (Communists) Revolutionary Eiffel Tower Eiffel Tower Eiffel The Rise of the French Republic The 1871-1940: Third Republic, cont. World War I The Depression and Rise of Hitler World War II and the Fall of France in May 1940 Hitler in Paris Hitler The Rise of the French Republic The 1940-1944: The Vichy Regime Free French Resistance under General De Gaulle Occupied France Occupied General Charles De Gaulle De The Rise of the French Republic The 1946-1958: The Fourth Republic Same political weaknesses as the Third Republic European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Unprecedented economic growth (1945-1974) Decolonization in Indochina, Equatorial Africa, and Decolonization North Africa. The war in Algeria North 1958-Present: The Fifth Republic The Rise of the French Republic The 1958: Creation of the Fifth Republic The army and French nationals in Algeria, fearing The appeasement of Moslem majority, staged a revolt against the Government in Paris the In June, De Gaulle given dictatorial powers for six months In and authority to revise Constitution and Instead, he writes new Constitution creating a strong Instead, President and submits it to referendum. President In September, 79% of the French voters accept the new In Constitution Constitution In December, De Gaulle selected President by the In Assembly of Notables for seven year term The Gaullist party becomes France’s first majority party which holds power until 1981 which De Gaulle elected in 1965 by direct popular vote President De Gaulle President Powers of the President under the Fifth Republic Powers Name the Prime Minister, approve the cabinet (if Name President’s party is the majority in National Assembly) and name high ranking civil, military, and judicial officials and Preside over the Council of Ministers (the Preside government) Conduct foreign affairs (negotiate and ratify treaties, appoint ambassadors, and credit foreign ambassadors) Direct the Armed Forces including French nuclear weapons weapons Powers of the President under the Fifth Republic Powers Dissolve the National Assembly and call elections Dissolve (no more than once a year) Appoint three of nine members of the Constitutional Council and refer bills for determination of Constitutionality determination Separation of Executive and Legislative Offices The Rise of the French Republic The 1958-Present: The Fifth Republic, cont. President De Gaulle (1958-1969) The European Common Market Dirigisme (directorial) Dirigiste Dirigiste Intensive efforts to coordinate economic Intensive policymaking through government planning, legislation, and direction. State subsidies, loans, and tax write-offs to achieve industrial concentration, specialization in new fields, and innovation. Until the 1970s the government: government: – – – controlled bulk of new investment controlled llimited outflow of French capital imited created para-public banks and controlled private bank loans created Dirigiste Dirigiste Restructuring of key sectors, including steel, Restructuring machine tools, and paper products by steering credit and pressuring medium sized firms to merge creating “National Champions” to compete for world markets for Created and managed entire industries (nuclear Created power) power) The Rise of the French Republic The 1958-Present: The Fifth Republic, cont. The Crisis of 1968 Revolt of Students, Unions, and the Left De Gaulle and the Government emerge stronger 1969: The fall of De Gaulle Georges Pompidou (1969-1974) Valery Giscard D’Estaing (1975-1981) Georges Pompidou Georges Valery Giscard D’Estaing The Rise of the French Republic The 1958-Present: The Fifth Republic, cont. Francois Mitterrand (1981-1995) Leader of the combined left since De Gaulle 1981: Socialists move policy to the Left: nationalizations, 1981: social programs, etc. social Forced by unemployment and inflation to retreat Forced Cohabitation Cohabitation With Chirac (1986-1988) and with Balladur (1993-1995) Francois Mitterrand Francois The Rise of the French Republic The Jacques Chirac (1995-2007) Second Cohabitation: with Jospin (1998-2002) Constitutional Amendment makes President’s term 5 years Constitutional instead of 7 years. instead Attempt to move away from dirigiste Jacques Chirac Jacques The Rise of the French Republic The Nicolas Sarkozy – Elected President Elected May 6, 2007 The Government The The President – Elysées Place Elysées Place Elysées The Government The The President – Elysées Place – Limited To Two Terms – New Five Year Term The Prime Minister – Cohabitation The Civil Service – Grandes Écoles Grandes France’s Challenges France’s Globalization The National Front – Jean-Marie Le Pen The Moslem Minority Stagnation The End End ...
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