afghappt - Government Quick Facts - Type Islamic Republic...

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Government - Type – Islamic Republic - Capital – Kabul - Independence - 19 August 1919 Until 2004, Afghanistan had no stable form of rule due to the presence of tyrannical warlords, foreign colonization, or other oppressive nations controlling it. A US led invasion in late 2001 led to the removal of the Taliban institution and later to the creation of an official and structured government and constitution. Courtesy of American intervention and monitoring, the new constitution constructed three branches: A legislative, executive, and judicial; yet it still contains many figurehead elements and other variances pertaining to Islamic Law Quick Facts - Suffrage – 18 Years of Age - 34 Provinces (see right) - Constitution dated - 16 January 2004
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Politics Historically, Politics in Afghanistan has been marked by power struggles, bloody coups, and highly unstable transfers of power. In the past 100 years it has been rules by almost every major system of government, including a monarchy, republic, theocracy, communist state, and now an Islamic Republic created by the United States. Currently, Afghanistan withholds a President, Hamid Karzai, elected in 2004, and a diversified Parliament containing former Mujahadeen and Taliban members, communists, reformists, Islamic fundamentalists, and 28% women.
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Economy - Population Below Poverty Line – 53% - I nflation Rate - 16.3% - Current Budget - $260 Million in Revenues - $561 Million in Expenditures - Currency – Afghani - Imports - $3.87 Bil. - Exports - $471 Mil. - Bilateral Debt - $8 Billion - GDP – $8.8 Mil - GDP Growth Rate - 8% - Labor Force - 15 Milion - Unemployment - 40% - Electricity Production - 754.2 Million KWh - Electricity Consumption - 801.4 Million KWh Quick Facts Agricultural Products: Opium, wheat, fruit, nuts, wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins Industries: Small scale production of textiles, soap, fertilizer, furniture, shoes, cement; hand-woven carpets; natural gas, copper, coal Exports: Opium, fruits, nuts, hand-woven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semiprecious gems Imports: Capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products Afghanistan’s economy has only since been recuperating. Ravaged by civil war, anarchy, corruption, and a flourishing illegal opium trade, recently made efforts to establish a marketable economy have been unsuccessful. Economic growth faces other problems: Afghanistan is exceptionally poor, highly
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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afghappt - Government Quick Facts - Type Islamic Republic...

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