aquainted_cultures

aquainted_cultures - Acquainted Cultures Acquainted Words...

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Unformatted text preview: Acquainted Cultures Acquainted Words to Know Words Culture Civilization The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group: the youth culture; the drug culture. A society that has cities, a written language, specialized jobs, and organized government, technology and skilled craftspeople. Question of the Day Question In what ways did people of different cultures and civilizations benefit from their contact with each other? Acquainted Cultures Acquainted What are ways different cultures interact? What more is exchanged? War Trade Migration Beliefs Customs Arts Sciences Technology disease Acquainted Cultures Acquainted Sassanid Persia and Rome Many battles • Border Wars • political control of Armenia – Rome Armenia was a “buffer zone” Sassanid Dynasty (Family Rule) Sassanid At War Fought with Romans over Armenia from A.D. 224 to 661 Persians also defending other borders by barbarians from Europe and Huns from Asia Learned about other cultures by captured soldiers Sassanid Dynasty Sassanid At Trade Trade thrived…why? • Trade routes connecting China, India and Rome all ran through Persia Government aided process • • • • Common currency Maintained roads Soldier patrols Resting places w/water, supplies and meeting halls Sassanid Dynasty Sassanid At Trade Persian Govt. knew increased trade = prosperity. Government made more money through taxes placed on goods coming in AND going out of the country. Sassanid Dynasty Sassanid At Trade Trade enriched culture • Exchanged ideas and increased knowledge Roman building techniques to construct bridges, towns and forts Modified their ships after Greece’s single­sail vessels Aquainted Cultures Aquainted Trade Trade thrived • China, India, Rome and all points in between Government aided process • • • • Common currency Maintained roads Soldier patrols Resting places w/water, supplies and meeting halls Sassanid Dynasty Sassanid Persian Learning Persians “behaved like a great cultural sponge.” • King Khursru studied Plato and Aristotle (was known for his wisdom and knowledge) Works translated into Persian language • Scholars came to live because free to express beliefs without persecution. Started a University Started a Medical School • Best in world for 200 years! Abu Rayhan al­Biruni World’s knowledge was preserved Gupta India Gupta Gupta Dynasty 300 A.D. to 467 A.D. Well run government Roads maintained (easy passage of trade) Traded with Eastern Roman Empire, Persia, China and Southeast Asia • Brassware, ivory, jewels…even monkeys Import/export taxes Arts and sciences received great attention. Interested in poets, painting, writers etc. Created number system Discovered earths rotation on axis Gupta India Gupta Gupta Dynasty Created number system • Developed the concept of zero Discovered earth rotates on its axis 525 A.D. Huns conquered and ruled for next 200 years China China China Silk Road the main overland route. • Silk, gold, pearls, glass, etc. • Went through China, Persia and Roman Empire Chinese Junks (ships) traded with India and other Southeast Asian and African countries Buddhism introduced from India and spread • Indian art influence Chinese (Buddha) Indian ideas also influenced art Artifacts from Zimbabwe, Africa found China China China Middle East traded grapes, beans, nut trees, horses, etc. China plagued by Huns too (like India). • By 220A.D. Han Dynasty lost control of China and 360 years of disunity happened. Aquainted Cultures Aquainted China Silk Road the main overland route. Chinese Junks (ships) traded with India and other Southeast Asian countries Buddhism introduced and spread Indian ideas influenced art Artifacts from Zimbabwe found Question of the Day Question In what ways did people of different cultures and civilizations benefit from their contact with each other? Homework Homework Discuss 3 ways you have benefitted by having contact with cultures than your own? ...
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