Unformatted text preview: Austro-Hungarian Empire
Austro-Hungarian Likda Morash, Kelly McKenna, Nam
Ong, Abygael McInnis & Connor Young
A. ORIGIN • The monarchy didn’t come into existence until 1867,
however the empire started to come into play in 1804,
and lasted until 1918.
• 1804 = Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire 1804
Francis I, emperor of Austria.
• Hofburg Imperial Palace,
Vienna was the place where
the Habsburg dynasty
• Habsburgs = immense amount
of political power in Western
and Central Europe.
• Hungary was part of the Habsburg
dynasty for 5 centuries
dynasty Austrian Coat of Arms • Hungary was part of the Habsburg dynasty
for 5 centuries.
• Acquired their dynastic devices by fortunate
• Ferdinand Habsburg married Vladislav II’s
• Ferdinands sister married Vladislav’s son,
• Louis II died at battle, making Ferdinand
next to the throne.
• Habsburgs = most powerful political house in
Central Europe from 1526 to 1918
Central Hungarian Flag B.
OF • The Ausgleich of 1867 was signed on February 8
• The purpose of the Ausgleich, which is German
for compromise, was to give Hungary equal status
• The king of Hungary would be the same man as
the emperor of Austria
• Both countries were judged equally
• After years, the Hungarians began to want selfgovernment
• The Austrian- Hungarian empire lasted fifty years The Civil Ensign; Austro-Hungarian “Flag”
STRUCTURE • One head figure – Francis Joseph I (Emperor of
Austria / King of Hungary)
• Both Austria and Hungary have their own
individual constitution and parliament
(“Reichsrat” for Austria and “Diet” for Hungary).
• There was no intervening in other’s affairs.
• Delegates met alternatively in Vienna and
• The empire had common ministries for Finance,
Foreign Affair and Military. Both Austrians and
Hungarians were appointed for positions.
Hungarians Francis Joseph
AFFAIRS • Once Napoleon fell in 1814-15, Austria became in
control of the German states (East).
• In 1866 the Austro-Prussian war saw the
expulsion of Austrians from the German
• Francis Joseph had to bring together his
“heterogeneous empire” (Middle of Europe)
• When the union was made between the two
empires it was NOT by choice.
• There was no chance of Austro-Hungarian Empire
uniting at all with Italy or Germany, so it looked to
the West (Balkans)
the • Empire tried to pursue Bosnia and
Herzegovina while they were under the rule
of the Ottoman Empire- RISKY BUSINESS!
• 1878- Austro-Hungarian Empire was granted
1878occupation to the Bosnia-Herzegovina
territory by the Treaty of Berlin
• 1879- For protection from the Russians, a
1879German- Austro-Hungarian alliance was
• Bosnian Crisis
• Austro-Hungarian Empire falls at end of
CRISIS •Began 1908 when Austro-Hungry began the annexation of Bosnia which
eventually led to international complications and had the entire continent of
Europe on the brink of war.
•The idea of the annexation was acquire to acquire Bosnia in a formal way by
•The annexation of Bosnia began because due to the treaty of Berlin it allowed
the dual monarchy to control Bosnia and Herzegovina.
•Serbia a nearby country of Bosnia and Herzegovina was upset by this act
because it desperately wanted access to the Adriatic but wouldn’t be allowed
by Austro Hungry.
•The Serbs protested the agreement because it damaged their economy.
•Austro-Hungry shut these protests down quickly. •Russia supported an international conference to consider the matter of the
•Austro-Hungry did not want an international conference it agreed to it as long
as its program was pre decided and agreed upon.
•Russia input a program but Austro-Hungry said that benefits for Serbia should
be economic only.
•Later a settlement was reached in 1909 in which ended the annexation of
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
•The crisis was ended with an Austro-Hungarian victory over Serbia and a
German and Austro-Hungarian victory over Russia. BIBLIOGRAPHY
World monarchies and dynasties . 1st ed. 2005.
World Monarchies and Dynasties . 2nd ed. 2005
Sowards, Steven. "Lecture 4: Hungary and the limits of Habsburg authority ." Twenty-Five
Lectures on Modern Balkan History. 23 April 2004. 21 Sep 2008
"Austria-Hungary." Britannica. 15th ed. 2003.
"Austria-Hungary." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 20 Sep.
"Austria-Hungary," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
• http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/boshtml/bos130.htm ...
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