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Austro-Hungarian_Empire - Austro-Hungarian Empire...

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Unformatted text preview: Austro-Hungarian Empire Austro-Hungarian Likda Morash, Kelly McKenna, Nam Likda Ong, Abygael McInnis & Connor Young Ong, A. A. ORIGIN • The monarchy didn’t come into existence until 1867, The however the empire started to come into play in 1804, and lasted until 1918. and • 1804 = Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire 1804 Francis I, emperor of Austria. Francis • Hofburg Imperial Palace, Hofburg Vienna was the place where the Habsburg dynasty ruled Austria ruled • Habsburgs = immense amount Habsburgs of political power in Western and Central Europe. and • Hungary was part of the Habsburg Hungary dynasty for 5 centuries dynasty Austrian Coat of Arms • Hungary was part of the Habsburg dynasty Hungary for 5 centuries. for • Acquired their dynastic devices by fortunate Acquired marriage. marriage. • Ferdinand Habsburg married Vladislav II’s Ferdinand daughter Anne. daughter • Ferdinands sister married Vladislav’s son, Ferdinands Louis II Louis • Louis II died at battle, making Ferdinand Louis next to the throne. next • Habsburgs = most powerful political house in Habsburgs Central Europe from 1526 to 1918 Central Hungarian Flag B. B. AUSGLEICH AUSGLEICH OF 1867 OF • The Ausgleich of 1867 was signed on February 8 The 1867 1867 • The purpose of the Ausgleich, which is German The for compromise, was to give Hungary equal status with Austria. • The king of Hungary would be the same man as The the emperor of Austria the • Both countries were judged equally • After years, the Hungarians began to want selfgovernment • The Austrian- Hungarian empire lasted fifty years The Civil Ensign; Austro-Hungarian “Flag” The C. C. GOVERNING GOVERNING STRUCTURE STRUCTURE • One head figure – Francis Joseph I (Emperor of One Austria / King of Hungary) Austria • Both Austria and Hungary have their own Both individual constitution and parliament (“Reichsrat” for Austria and “Diet” for Hungary). (“Reichsrat” • There was no intervening in other’s affairs. • Delegates met alternatively in Vienna and Delegates Budapest. Budapest. • The empire had common ministries for Finance, The Foreign Affair and Military. Both Austrians and Hungarians were appointed for positions. Hungarians Francis Joseph Francis D. D. FOREIGN FOREIGN AFFAIRS AFFAIRS • Once Napoleon fell in 1814-15, Austria became in Once control of the German states (East). • In 1866 the Austro-Prussian war saw the In expulsion of Austrians from the German Confederation • Francis Joseph had to bring together his Francis “heterogeneous empire” (Middle of Europe) “heterogeneous • When the union was made between the two When empires it was NOT by choice. • There was no chance of Austro-Hungarian Empire There uniting at all with Italy or Germany, so it looked to the West (Balkans) the • Empire tried to pursue Bosnia and Empire Herzegovina while they were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire- RISKY BUSINESS! of • 1878- Austro-Hungarian Empire was granted 1878occupation to the Bosnia-Herzegovina territory by the Treaty of Berlin territory • 1879- For protection from the Russians, a 1879German- Austro-Hungarian alliance was created created • Bosnian Crisis • Austro-Hungarian Empire falls at end of Austro-Hungarian WW1 WW1 E. E. BOSNIAN BOSNIAN CRISIS CRISIS •Began 1908 when Austro-Hungry began the annexation of Bosnia which Began eventually led to international complications and had the entire continent of Europe on the brink of war. •The idea of the annexation was acquire to acquire Bosnia in a formal way by The occupation. •The annexation of Bosnia began because due to the treaty of Berlin it allowed The the dual monarchy to control Bosnia and Herzegovina. the •Serbia a nearby country of Bosnia and Herzegovina was upset by this act Serbia because it desperately wanted access to the Adriatic but wouldn’t be allowed by Austro Hungry. •The Serbs protested the agreement because it damaged their economy. •Austro-Hungry shut these protests down quickly. •Russia supported an international conference to consider the matter of the Russia Berlin Treaty. •Austro-Hungry did not want an international conference it agreed to it as long Austro-Hungry as its program was pre decided and agreed upon. as •Russia input a program but Austro-Hungry said that benefits for Serbia should Russia be economic only. be •Later a settlement was reached in 1909 in which ended the annexation of Later Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia •The crisis was ended with an Austro-Hungarian victory over Serbia and a The German and Austro-Hungarian victory over Russia. BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY • World monarchies and dynasties . 1st ed. 2005. 1st • World Monarchies and Dynasties . 2nd ed. 2005 2nd • Sowards, Steven. "Lecture 4: Hungary and the limits of Habsburg authority ." Twenty-Five Sowards, Lectures on Modern Balkan History. 23 April 2004. 21 Sep 2008 Lectures 23 <http://www.lib.msu.edu/sowards/balkan/lecture4.html>. <http://www.lib.msu.edu/sowards/balkan/lecture4.html>. • "Austria-Hungary." Britannica. 15th ed. 2003. • "Austria-Hungary." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 20 Sep. "Austria-Hungary." Encyclopædia 2008. 2008 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/44386/Austria-Hungary>. 2008 • http://www.wordreference.com/definition/annexation • "Austria-Hungary," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008 http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. • http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/boshtml/bos130.htm ...
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