CENTRAL AMERICA

CENTRAL AMERICA - Agenda November 20, 2007 Time 3:30...

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Agenda – November 20, 2007 Time Activity 3:30 Announcements: Mid-terms Website additional readings for today’s lecture Reading for next week the Class ID number (2029947) 3:40 Lecture: “Central America, Panama & Costa Rica” 4:45 Break 5:20 Lecture: (Cont’d)
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Central America: (Spanish: Centroamérica or América Central): A central geographic region of the Americas. Defined either as : the southern portion of North America, which connects with South America on the southeast or a region of the Americas in its own right.
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Area 521,499 km² Population 42,382,000 (2006 est.) Density 81 per km² Countries 7 GDP $107.7 billion (2006) GDP per capita $2,541 (2006) Languages Spanish, English, Garifuna, Kriol, Mayan languages, European languages, and many others
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Physical geography : A narrow isthmus of southern North America Extends from Mexico southeastward to the Isthmus of Panama Connects to the Colombian Pacific Lowlands in northwestern South America. The Pacific Ocean lies to the southwest The Caribbean Sea lies to the northeast The Gulf of Mexico lies to the north.
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CENTRAL AMERICA - Physical Map
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Physical geography : Most of Central America rests atop the Caribbean Plate The region is geologically active, with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, was devastated by earthquakes in 1931 and 1972 In 2001 two earthquakes devastated El Salvador Fertile soils from weathered volcanic lavas have made it possible to sustain dense populations in the agriculturally productive highland areas.
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Central America & the Caribbean Plate
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Human Geography Modern definitions of Central America include Belize and Panama Neither existed in the formation of the Federal Republic of Central America, a short-lived union created after most of the region gained independence from Spain in the 19th century. Belize was originally contested by the United Kingdom and the Spanish Empire and, later, Guatemala Belize, became a British colony (British Honduras) in 1871 and gained independence in 1981.
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Name of Territory Area (km²) Population (2006 est.) Pop. Density (per km²) Capital Belize 22,966 301,000 13 Belmopan Costa Rica 51,100 4,582,000 86 San José El Salvador 21,040 7,002,000 333 San Salvador Guatemala 108,890 14,076,000 129 Guatemala City Honduras 112,492 7,405,000 66 Tegucigalpa Nicaragua 129,494 5,912,000 46 Managua Panama 75,517 3,284,000 43 Panama City Total 521,499 42,382,000 81 Central America has traditionally consisted of:
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Central America has traditionally consisted of:
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Human Geography Panama is sometimes regarded as a transcontinental territory Today, it is considered a part of North America alone However, for much of its post-Columbian history, Panama has been connected to South America. Only after independence from Colombia in 1903 did some begin to regard Panama as a North or Central American entity.
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History In pre-Columbian times, most of modern Central America was part of the Mesoamerican civilization.
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CENTRAL AMERICA - Agenda November 20, 2007 Time 3:30...

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