Ch 14 Beg of Global Age PPT

Ch 14 Beg of Global Age PPT - Ch. 14 The Beginnings of Our...

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Ch. 14 The Beginnings of Our Global Age: Europe, Africa, and Asia 1415-1796
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The Motivations to Explore Control trade of an area for items Spices, medicines, perfumes Curiosity beginning in the Renaissance Marco Polo, invention of printing press Later, religion or “mask” of religion becomes factor
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Prince Henry the Navigator 1415 Begins school of navigators and cartographers Chief goal is to explore and eventually sail around Africa Motivation to Spread Christianity to Africa Convert sources of Muslim traders riches for Portugal 1488, Bartholomeu Dias rounds tip of Africa around Cape of Good Hope
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Typical Explorer Identity 1. Searching for wealth, fame, and/or fortune 2. Suffers hardships on long journeys to newly discovered territory 3. Finds “new lands” 4. Negotiates “treaties” with native groups 5. Begins profitable trade for Europeans 6. Start of European Imperialism around the world
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Key Improvements to Sailing 1. Better compass 2. Improved mapmaking 3. Faster ships 4. Astrolabes- applied to shipping
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Columbus Reaches the Americas As the Portuguese sailed East toward Asia, the Spanish wanted to share in the trade and wealth from Asia In 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella agreed to finance, or pay for a voyage by Christopher Columbus On August 1492, Columbus set sail with three vessels and a crew of 90 sailors The Santa Maria, Nina and the Pinta were his three sailing ships. 6
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October 11th, the sailors discovered land This land was not the Indies but the Bahamas. Columbus established the first Spanish colony in the Americas Hispaniola A colony - a territory under the immediate political control of a distant country Native Americans on the island were called “Indos” Columbus did not realize he was in the West Indies, not the East 7
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8 Columbus met the Tainos Columbus promised Queen Isabella that in another trip he could convert the Indians to Christianity and enslave them He claimed the land and enslaved the Taino
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9 The Spanish Cross the Pacific In 1511 the Spanish settled in the Caribbean Islands Columbus had conquered Puerto Rico, Jamaica and Cuba
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10 In 1513 Vasco Nunez de Balboa reached the Pacific Ocean He claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain
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11 In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Pacific Ocean around the tip of South America Europeans became aware of the true size of the world.
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Ch 14 Beg of Global Age PPT - Ch. 14 The Beginnings of Our...

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