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ch08_sec3 - Empires of China and India Indian Dynasities...

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Section 3 Empires of China and India Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Mauryan Empire Regional Kingdoms Map: Mauryan and Gupta Empires The Gupta Empire Indian Dynasities
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Section 3 Empires of China and India Reading Focus How did the Mauryan Empire unify much of India, and who were its key rulers? What regional kingdoms ruled India after the collapse of the Mauryan Empire? Which key rulers and events shaped the Gupta Empire? Main Idea The Mauryas and Guptas created powerful empires that united much of India, while trading kingdoms thrived in southern India. Early Indian Empires
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Section 3 Empires of China and India The Mauryan Empire Many small kingdoms existed across India in 300s BC Each kingdom had own ruler; no central authority united them Magadha a dominant kingdom near Ganges Strong leader, Chandragupta Maurya gained control Began conquering surrounding kingdoms Conquests led to founding of Mauryan empire
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Section 3 Empires of China and India Alexander the Great Alexander conquered force in northwest India, 326 BC Did not remain in India long Battle-weary soldiers wanted to return home, soon left India Mauryan army Chandragupta built immense army, 60,000 soldiers Chariots, war elephants Began conquering northern India Alexander’s legacy Alexander’s conquest inspired Chandragupta Maurya Seized throne of kingdom of Magadha, 321 BC Began Mauryan empire Extended empire Defeated Seleucus I, 305 BC Mauryan empire controlled northern India, 303 BC Also controlled much of what is now Afghanistan Rise of the Mauryan Empire
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Section 3 Empires of China and India Strong government Like Qin, Han rulers, Chandragupta Maurya established centralized government to control empire, crush resistance Relied on brilliant adviser Kautilya
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