Ch15 - Chapter15TheAztecandIncaEmpires Section Notes...

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Chapter 15 – The Aztec and Inca Empires Section Notes The Aztec Empire Aztec Life and Society The Inca Empire Inca Life and Society Video Mesoamerican Achievements in Science History Close-up Tenochtitlán Machu   Picchu Images Linking to Today: Preserving Food Quick Facts People in Aztec Society Chapter 15 Visual Summary Maps The Aztec Empire, 1519 The Inca Empire, 1530 Inca Roads Lake  Texcoco Assessment Map
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The Aztec Empire The Big Idea The Aztecs built a great empire in central Mexico but were conquered  by the Spanish in 1521. Main Ideas The Aztecs built an empire through warfare and trade and created  an impressive capital city in Mesoamerica. Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire. 7.7.1 7.7.3
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Main Idea 1: The Aztecs built an empire through warfare and trade  and created an impressive  capital city in Mesoamerica. The first Aztecs were farmers, but when they arrived in Central  America, all the good farmland was taken. To survive, they had to hire  themselves out as warriors.
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The Aztecs’ Rise to Power War was the key factor in the Aztecs’ rise to power. The Aztecs built alliances, or partnerships, to build their empire. The Aztecs made the people they conquered pay tribute, or give  them cotton, gold, or food. The Aztecs controlled a huge trade network. Markets drew buyers  and sellers from all over the Aztec Empire. By the early 1500s the Aztecs had the most powerful state in  Mesoamerica.
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Tenochtitlán Tenochtitlán was the capital of the Aztec Empire. It was built in the  middle of a lake, on an island. The Aztecs built  causeways , or raised roads across water or wet  ground, so people could access the city.  The Aztecs built stone canals to bring water to the city and floating  gardens to raise food and flowers. The city had huge temples, a busy market, clean streets, and  magnificent palaces. It was the greatest city in the Americas during the time of the  Aztecs.
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Main Idea 2: Hernán Cortés conquered  the Aztec Empire. In the late 1400s Spanish explorers and soldiers arrived in the  Americas. The soldiers, or  conquistadors , came to explore new  lands, search for gold, and spread the Catholic religion.
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Cortés and Moctezuma A small group of conquistadors led by Cortés reached Mexico in  1519.  Moctezuma II, the Aztec leader, believed that Cortés was a god.  Moctezuma sent Cortés gifts, including gold. Cortés wanted more  gold, so he went to Moctezuma.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Ch15 - Chapter15TheAztecandIncaEmpires Section Notes...

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