ch17_sec3 - New Asian Empire Section 3 The Ming and Qing...

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Section 3 New Asian Empire Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty Ming and Qing Culture Map: Ming and Qing Dynasties The Ming and Qing Dynasties
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Section 3 New Asian Empire Reading Focus How did the Ming dynasty bring stability, prosperity and isolation to China? How did the Manchus of the Qing dynasty rule China? What cultural developments occurred during the Ming and Qing periods? Main Idea During the Ming and Qing dynasties, China prospered, but the empire entered a period of isolation in response to increasing European contact. The Ming and Qing Dynasties
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Section 3 New Asian Empire In addition, Hongwu worked to eliminate Mongol influences and revive traditional Chinese values and practices, like Confucian principles. In 1279 the Mongol leader Kublai Khan conquered China and founded the Yuan dynasty. After his death in 1294, the Yuan dynasty weakened. This weakness, combined with Chinese resentment of Mongol rule, made China ripe for rebellion—and the rise of a new dynasty. 1368, peasant named Zhu Yuanzhang, rebel army, overthrew last Mongol emperor Zhu took name Hongwu , “vastly martial,” founded Ming dynasty Ming means “brilliant”; dynasty lasted nearly 300 years, until 1644 China under Ming Rule The Ming Dynasty During this time China’s rulers gained control of Korea, Mongolia, parts of Central, Southeast Asia Having expelled Mongols, Hongwu worked to rebuild China Reduced taxes, improved trade, agriculture, increased stability Rebuilding China
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Section 3 New Asian Empire Expanded Power Hongwu also greatly expanded power as emperor Did away with positions of some high level officials, took over more control of government As result, Ming emperors more powerful than in previous dynasties Eliminated anyone challenging authority; killed thousands of rivals Values, Traditions To obtain government officials educated in Confucian ideas, Hongwu restored, improved civil service examination system To root out corruption, increased influence of censors, officials who monitored government
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Section 3 New Asian Empire Yonglo In 1398 Hongwu died Following power struggle, son Yonglo became emperor Ruled from 1402 until 1424 Moved Ming capital to Beijing, in northeast China
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ch17_sec3 - New Asian Empire Section 3 The Ming and Qing...

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