Chandragupta & Ashoka

Chandragupta & Ashoka - Chandragupta Maurya...

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Chandragupta Maurya
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Chandragupta Maurya born c. 340 BCE ruled c. 320 BCE – 298 BCE known in Greek and Roman sources as “Sandrokottos”
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Chandragupta (cont.) of humble origins “He was of humble origin, but was pushing to acquiring the throne by the superior power of the mind. When after having offended the king of Nanda by his insolence, he was condemned to death by the king, he was saved by the speed of his own feet. .. He gathered bandits and invited Indians to a change of rule." Justin XV.4.15
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Meeting with Alexander "Androcottus, when he was a stripling, saw Alexander himself, and we are told that he often said in later times that Alexander narrowly missed making himself master of the country, since its king was hated and despised on account of his baseness and low birth." Plutarch 62-3
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Nanda Empire
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Battle with Seleucus I "India, after the death of Alexander, had assassinated his prefects, as if shaking the burden of servitude. The author of this liberation was Sandracottos, but he had transformed liberation in servitude after victory, since, after taking the throne, he himself oppressed the very people he has liberated from foreign domination" Justin XV.4.12-13
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Seleucus (cont.) "Later, as he was preparing war against the prefects of Alexander, a huge wild elephant went to him and took him on his back as if tame, and he became a remarkable fighter and war leader. Having thus acquired royal power, Sandracottos possessed India at the time Seleucos was preparing future glory." Justin XV.4.19
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Seleucus (cont.) "He (Seleucus) crossed the Indus and waged war with Sandrocottus [Maurya], king of the Indians, who dwelt on the banks of that stream, until they came to an understanding with each other and contracted a marriage relationship." Appian, History of Rome, The Syrian Wars 55
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Pataliputra "But the Prasii [the inhabitants of Magadha, of whom Sandracottos was king surpass in power and glory every other people, not only in this quarter, but one may say in all India, their capital Palibothra, a very large and wealthy city, after which some call the people itself the Palibothri,-- nay even the whole tract along the Ganges.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Chandragupta & Ashoka - Chandragupta Maurya...

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