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HinduArchitecture - Hinduism Dravidian(South and...

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Hinduism Dravidian (South) and Nagara (North) Styles
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Hinduism Polytheistic religion (worship many gods and goddesses) Goal is to achieve moksa --by praying, worshipping (darsana) and giving offering to gods Each god has a female companion and rides on vehicle such as bull (Nandi), lion, goose; each holds some attributes (Siva: tridents and Vishnu: conch shell and wheel)
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Triad Brahma-God of Creator Vishnu-God of Preserver (has many incarnations such as Rama and Krishna) Shiva-God of Destroyer (also the protector of animals) Devi-goddess (e.g., Laksmi (“Good Fortune”) and Parvati); symbolizing beauty, benevolent, and wealth as well as power and wrath
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3.25 Shiva as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance, Chola, 11-12th C
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Vastu-purusa mandala A myth explains the symbolic diagram (mandala): the gods in seeking to impose order on chaos, forced the primeval man, Purusa, into a square grid, the vastu-purusa mandala, whose basic unit is the square pada Hindu temple is the dwelling of the gods. It is based on the grid systems of 64 (8x8) and 81 (9x9) squares. Square is the prefect shape for the ground plan. Priests perform ritual of consecrations which connect between sexual rites and fertility in Hindu architecture.
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Hindu temples The temple is a holy site (tirtha), where they practitioners can perform circumambulation (pradaksina). They also perform the pious act of gazing at the deity (darsan) and offering prayers, flowers and food (puja). The temple is never a meeting place for a congregation, but it came to be a focal point of the community.
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