IndianArt_Group5

IndianArt_Group5 - PAGES 333-336 10 TH-14 TH CENTURIES The...

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Unformatted text preview: PAGES 333-336 10 TH-14 TH CENTURIES The Early Southern Temple Mamallapuram: major temple site under Pallavas Pallava stone cavers carved reliefs, halls, temples out of granite boulders and cliffs Ex: Five Rathas – rockcut temple, carved in style of contemporary wood or brick structures DHARMARAJA RATHA, MAMALLAPURAM TAMIL, NADU, INDIA. PALLAVA PERIOD. c. MID-7TH CENTURY CE. Dharmaraja Ratha at Mamallapuram Epitomizes early Southern-style temples Symbolism to link the heavens and the earth Based on a mandala Square temple plan is unfinished Garbhagriha found inside Lower Portion Columns and niches Single deity in each niche: main trend in temple structure Tradition of narrative reliefs declined Stories concentrated in statues of individual deities Mythological episodes Southern and Northern Temples Distinguished by their superstructures Dharmaraja Ratha culminates in pyramidal tower called vimana Each story of vimana is articulated by a cornice with miniature shrines Shrines and cornices were decorated with window motif with faces Shrines separate each story and provide loftiness for a god Dome-shaped octagonal capstone crowns vimana Later Centuries Northern and Southern-style temples developed into complex, monumental forms Basic structure and symbolism remained the same THE 10TH THROUGH 14TH CENTURIES Small kingdoms and dynasties flourished This led to many different regional styles Pallavas and Cholas in South Palas in Northeast...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HIST 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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IndianArt_Group5 - PAGES 333-336 10 TH-14 TH CENTURIES The...

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