Islam Heartlands

Islam Heartlands - ISLAMICHEARTLANDS ReligionandSociety...

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ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS Religion and Society Sunni Consolidation Madrasah: More like tutors than a university One teacher certifies student Stipends (money) and facilities provided Worship by practice not belief (Orthopraxy) Develops by 1000 A.D. Discourages religious and social change Increased conservatism
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ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS Religion and Society Sufi’s Spiritual and mystical Islam Simplicity, humility, good life over mere practice Some ascetics, others devoted to God Create brotherhoods and orders to spread actual  faith Still exist today
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ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS Religion and Society Shi’a Consolidation 10 th  – 12 th  Centuries Concentrated in Iran/Iraq, Lower Indus Valley Ismaili’is (Seveners) recgnize son of 6 th  Imam as 7 th   Imam Revolutionaries control Eastern Arabia, Iraq, Syria in  900’s Dominant Group (Twelvers) believes in 12 Imams  descended through a different Son of the 6 th  Imam The 12 th  was taken to heaven and will reemerge This will be the Mahdi and will create a holy state  and bring Judgement day (still wait for this today)
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Regional Islam Spain/North Africa Spain Moors (Ummayads) found state under Abd al  Rahman at Cordoba Spain 756 Cultural center of Western world for 200 years Baths, gardens, commerce, Mosque/University  are earliest in the region (Europeans attend it) Abd al Rathman III 912-61 is buffer between  Christians and Fatimids in North Africa Upon his death Christian states rebel and  Toledo lost 1085
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Regional Islam Spain/North Africa Spain Brief Reuinifcation of Islamic Spanish states under  Berbers (Almoravids 1086) Persecute Arabized Christians and Jews Sparks Reconquista 1147 Almohads defeat Berbers conquer  Southern Spain Cultural revival to 1225
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Western Islam Fatimids Shi’ites descended from M’s daughter Start in Tunisia then spread to Morocco< Sicily and Egypt Thus have 3 Khalif’s 10 th -12 th  C. Offshoots: Druze – believe on of Fatimid Khlifs is divine 
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Islam Heartlands - ISLAMICHEARTLANDS ReligionandSociety...

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