latin america imperialism

latin america imperialism - The Age of Imperialism Section...

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The Age of Imperialism Section 4 Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus Power Struggles in Mexico Faces of History: Emiliano Zapata Growing U.S. Influence Map: United States Intervention in the Caribbean Visual Study Guide / Quick Facts Video: The Impact of Imperialism Imperialism in Latin America
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The Age of Imperialism Section 4 Reading Focus How did various groups struggle for power in Mexico before and during the Mexican Revolution? How did growing U.S. influence in Latin America change the region? Main Idea Imperialism in Latin America involved the United States and European nations seeking to strengthen their political and economic influence over the region. Imperialism in Latin America
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The Age of Imperialism Section 4 Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821 and became a republic in 1823, but political factions struggled for control of the government. Conflicts caused violence well into the next century. In the 30 years after independence, Antonio López de Santa Ana dominated Mexican politics Popular for military victories • Served as president five times Early Conflicts Began career as liberal reformer As power increased, became conservative • Exiled several times; returned when enemies defeated • 1855, overthrown by group of reformers, exiled, never returned Santa Ana’s Rule Leader of reformers, Benito Juárez, reduced power of Catholic Church, military Conservatives outraged; civil war erupted • Juárez, liberal allies triumphed Juárez’s Reforms Power Struggles in Mexico
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The Age of Imperialism Section 4 Maximilian ended up alienating both conservatives, liberals French withdrew troops; Maximilian did not have enough support to stay in power; surrendered; executed Mexican Republic restored; Juárez reelected president, became one of Mexico’s greatest national heroes Republic Restored Conservatives found ally in Europe French emperor Napoleon III wanted to restore French empire in Americas 1861, sent French troops into Mexico, overthrew government, installed Austrian archduke Maximilian as emperor of Mexico The Second Mexican Empire Power Struggles in Mexico
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The Age of Imperialism Section 4 Díaz’s Rule Porfirio Díaz came to power after Juarez’s death • Ruled with iron fist; maintained law and order in Mexico • Imprisoned opponents; used army to keep peace at any cost The Mexican Revolution • Díaz controlled outcome of 1910 election; jailed opponent, Francisco Madero
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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latin america imperialism - The Age of Imperialism Section...

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