Muslim_Civilization_(Chapter_9)

Muslim_Civilization_(Chapter_9) - Muslim Civilization A...

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Muslim Civilization A religion that launched an empire Ms. James
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The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a harsh and with vast desert interior. People lived as Bedouins, nomadic Arab peoples moved their herds between scattered oases. Each tribe had a different polytheistic god or deity. Islam means these tribes have to come together as one people.
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If people can’t farm they have to trade On the route of the Silk Road Traded: Horses, Thoroughbred Camels, Ostriches, & Tanned Hides
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Deserts, Towns, and Trade Routes On the Arabian Peninsula, Bedouin (Arab Nomad) tribes organize into clans. Their Ideals of courage and loyalty to family would become part of culture. By the 600’s trade routes connected Arabs to the major ocean and land trade routes. Trade was extended as far as the silk road would allow.
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Deserts, Towns, and Trade Routes Mecca Home of the ancient shrine called the Ka’aba (supposedly built by Abraham). The building was used for a peace meeting between different clans/tribes. It also housed a rock from the sky (meteorite) Muhammad was born here in AD 570.
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The Prophet Muhammad Born into a powerful Meccan family. He became an orphan by age four, and his uncle (the clan/tribe leader) raised him. He married a wealthy merchant. Around the age of 40, he believed that he received a call from the Angel Gabriel to proclaim him the messenger of Allah.
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Islam originated in the Middle East around 622 AD with the Prophet, Muhammad. Muhammad was born in Mecca and traveled to Medina in a journey called the hijra (hegira ), that became the founding of Islam. Muslim worshippers follow scriptures called the
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Muslim_Civilization_(Chapter_9) - Muslim Civilization A...

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