ppt1-2 - Part Two: Africa and Europe Collide As the...

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Part Two: Africa and Europe Collide
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As the Europeans were experiencing the Renaissance and Age of Exploration many changes were taking place in Africa
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By the year 1590 the African Kanem-Bornu Empire had become the most powerful nation in Africa
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When one country conquers and keeps other countries it is creating an Empire
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The Kanem-Bornu were located South of the Sahara Desert and were famous for their excellent soldiers
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They were a Muslim nation and were very strict followers of Islam
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As time passed their power began to decline and the Benin civilization overtook them
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The Benin became wealthy by trading spices, ivory, cloth, tools, and….
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Slaves
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When the Benin defeated another tribe they would force its people into slavery
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Throughout all of the African kingdoms, a KING ruled with total power
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The Portuguese were the very first Europeans to arrive in Western Africa
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The Africans were very eager to trade and allowed Portugal to set up bases along the Atlantic coast
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Local African rulers gave the land to the Portuguese in exchange for a part of the profits
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The Benin rulers also promised to protect the Europeans from enemies
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Eventually these bases were transformed into heavily armed Forts
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Catholic Priests began to arrive and they converted many Africans to Christianity
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At first Portugal was only interested in trading for spices, gold, and ivory
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However, they quickly became far more interested in Slaves
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The creation of European colonies in the newly discovered Americas called for a huge demand for workers
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The European colonists in the New World built large farms, called Plantations
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The first slaves arrived in 1619
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huge profits and thousands of slaves were brought over each year
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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ppt1-2 - Part Two: Africa and Europe Collide As the...

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