Reading_Quiz_27

Reading_Quiz_27 - Reading Quiz 27 1 What does the position...

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Reading Quiz 27
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1. What does the position of caliph entail? Pg. 353-354 The caliph is the head of state and chief judge, religious leader and military commander.
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Succession Shura – Standard Arabian practice prominent men of a kinship group, or tribe, would meet after the leader’s death and pick a leader from amongst themselves. Usually chose a qualified candidate and often a relative of the deceased… however, not required.
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Rashidun Caliphate 632-661C.E. First 4 Caliphs after the death of Muhammad New meaning to Dar al-Islam
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Rashidun Caliphate After Muhammad’s death, Abu Bakr was chosen as the first caliph – 632-634 C.E. He was Muhammad’s top general…not related. Troubles emerged after his succession, threatening the unity and stability of the new community & state. Apostasy (renunciation of religion by an individual) had actually begun in the lifetime of Muhammad, and the first major action of the apostasy was fought and satisfactorily concluded while Muhammad still lived.
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The apostasy had become so general that it affected every tribe in Arabia with the exception of the people in Mecca and Medina and the tribe of Thaqeef in Taif. Some withheld the zakat , though they did not otherwise challenge Islam. Many tribal leaders made claims to prophethood, some like Musaylima made it during the lifetime of Muhammad.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Reading_Quiz_27 - Reading Quiz 27 1 What does the position...

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