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Sri Lanka - From Feudalism to From Egalitarianism in Sri...

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    From Feudalism to From Feudalism to Egalitarianism in Sri Egalitarianism in Sri Lanka Lanka Ranjan Ramasamy Ranjan Ramasamy
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Rainfall zones of Sri Lanka Rainfall zones of Sri Lanka
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Statistics Statistics 65,525 sq km 65,525 sq km Population ~20 million Population ~20 million Sinhala, Tamil & English spoken Sinhala, Tamil & English spoken Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam Executive President & Parliament Executive President & Parliament Roman-Dutch & English law: Islamic, Kandyan,  Roman-Dutch & English law: Islamic, Kandyan,  tessavalamai tessavalamai  laws  laws Tea, rubber and coconut exports Tea, rubber and coconut exports Apparel and light manufacturing industries Apparel and light manufacturing industries Middle East labour Middle East labour Hydropower fully resourced ~ 40% of electricity Hydropower fully resourced ~ 40% of electricity ~60% of energy from fuelwood. ~60% of energy from fuelwood.
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LEGENDARY HISTORY LEGENDARY HISTORY Earliest reference in legends -  Earliest reference in legends -  Skanda Purana  Skanda Purana  or the  or the  rise and fall of a titan overthrown by Hindu god  rise and fall of a titan overthrown by Hindu god  Skanda. A shrine to god Skanda persists in  Skanda. A shrine to god Skanda persists in  Kataragama in the South-East. Kataragama in the South-East. In the later  In the later  Ramayana  Ramayana  – the kidnapping of Queen Sita  – the kidnapping of Queen Sita  by Ravana and the destruction of Lanka by Rama.  by Ravana and the destruction of Lanka by Rama.  Place names such as Sita-ela, Sita-waka persist to  Place names such as Sita-ela, Sita-waka persist to  this day in the central hills. this day in the central hills.
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HISTORY HISTORY Taprobane Taprobane  to Greeks and Romans. Derived probably   to Greeks and Romans. Derived probably  from the river  from the river  Tamraparni Tamraparni  on the opposite Indian coast.  on the opposite Indian coast. Serendib Serendib  to Arabs from Sihala + Dwipa [island].  to Arabs from Sihala + Dwipa [island]. Early history recorded later in written chronicles such as Early history recorded later in written chronicles such as the  the  Mahavamsa Mahavamsa  and   and  Chulavamsa Chulavamsa  written by Buddhist   written by Buddhist  [Sinhalese] clergy. But also South Indian Tamil writings  [Sinhalese] clergy. But also South Indian Tamil writings  [lesser consideration given].
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