ss0303 - Babylonia and Assyria TheTwoEmpiresofMesopotamia...

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Babylonia and Assyria
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The Two Empires of Mesopotamia After the Sumerians were defeated, Mesopotamia had two main empires : Babylonia and Assyria. An empire is an area of many territories and people that are controlled by one government. The Babylonian empire lasted from around 1800 BC to 1600 BC. The Assyrian empire lasted from around 665 BC to 612 BC.
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Babylon - “Gate of God” As we recall from earlier, the Sumerians were conquered by the Babylonians. The king of Babylon was Hammurabi. Hammurabi united the cities of Sumer and then expanded his empire all the way to Asia Minor
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A Crossroads of Trade Babylon’s location made it a good place for trade. Groups of travelers, called caravans , traveled back and forth from the Sumerian cities in the south to the city of Akkad in the north. Along the way, they always stopped in Babylon to trade. Babylon had special markets, called bazaars , that people could go to to buy cotton cloth from India. They could also buy spices from Egypt there. Babylon became rich due to trade.
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Hammurabi’s Code Hammurabi was the king who united most of Mesopotamia and conquered the Sumerians.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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ss0303 - Babylonia and Assyria TheTwoEmpiresofMesopotamia...

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