SWC1_s9 - The American University of Rome HST 201 - Survey...

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T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I Session 9 Late Antiquity and the Decline of the Western Roman Empire
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p.99 The euphemism of the Pax Romana The Crisis New structure The start of the long final crisis Rome’s legacy continues in the East Theodosius 337 In provincial regions With Augustus 200
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Crisis in the empire during the 3 rd century Political events > Succession, Marcus Aurelius-Commodus; > Civil and military unrest…Military reinforce their hold of power, dictatorship (as we know it now): Septimus Severus ( Forma Urbis ); > Caracalla gives Roman citizenship to all free citizens ( out of the blue ), is able to enlarge tax base; Dio, cited by Garnsey (200., 134):
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Crisis in the empire during the 3 rd century Political events (more) > The central role of women in the imperial Severan family does not help; > 235-284 Period of civil war, “barrack” emperors; (http://www.livius.org/ei-er/emperors/emperors03.html) > First serious invasions, 251, Goths. Then 260 defeat by the Sassanid Persians (Valerian) and then Roman vengeance (Gallienus, his son). > Disillusion of the population-citizens with the idea of Rome and its welfare – regional differences within the empire… secessionist movements.
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< Gallienus and the representation of emperors in the age on “anxiety” > The western provinces of
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SWC1_s9 - The American University of Rome HST 201 - Survey...

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