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Tang Poetry PP - Tang Dynasty Poetry The Peak of Chinese...

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Tang Dynasty Poetry The Peak of Chinese Literary Achievement
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In the Tang Dynasty, the composition of poetry came to be used in the exam ination by which intellectuals entered government service. Because of this, poetry became an integral part of social life, a medium of basic social exchange. Perhaps nowhere else in the world has lyric poetry ever occupied such a central position. All of the surviving Tang poetry is the product of the literati or scholar-bureaucrats.
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Two Primary Purposes Tang poetry addressed important social and ethical issues. This is what the poets considered to be the primary function of poetry. Tang poetry spoke of personal matters—for some it was almost like a diary
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Nature Philosophy Occasions Three Main Subjects
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Three Major Poets Wang Wei— 699-761 Li Po— 701-762 Tu Fu— 712-770
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Wang Wei 699-761 The Austere Artist A painter as well as a poet, Wang Wei is best known for his short poems which are noted for their simplicity and which celebrate nature and reflect the Buddhist notion of “emptiness.”
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Deer Fence/Enclosure Two Translations Translation One I see no one in the deserted hills Hear only the echo of men’s speech. Sunlight cast back comes deep in the woods And shines once again upon the green moss Translated by Stephen Owen Translation Two On the empty mountain, see ing no one, Only hearing the echoes of someone’s voice; Returning light enters the deep forest, Again shining upon the green moss.
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