Thematic Timeline Mongols

Thematic Timeline Mongols - The Migration of the Mongols...

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The Migration of the Mongols Kathryn Casey, Cameron Morton, Lindsey Robirds 1200-1500 CE The Middle East, Russia, China and Korea
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The Mongols The Mongol Empire was one of the Earth’s largest continuous empires, and spanned over 6,000 miles. It emerged from tribes of Mongols and Turks that were united under the rule of Ghengis Khan. The infamous ruler rapidly spread the Mongol Empire in every direction by invading many parts of Europe and Asia. The Mongol people constantly migrated when the empire took over areas, and people previously occupying the Mongols’ conquests were taken as prisoners, slaves, or warriors. Descendants of Ghengis Khan ruled the empire until it fragmented in1260. It was split into four parts: the Golden Horde Khanate, the Chagatai khanate, the Ilkhanate, and the Yuan dynasty. The Chinese overthrew the Yuan dynasty in 1368, and the Mongol Empire collapsed.
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Pictures The Mongols extended their hegemony throughout Europe and Asia from the 13 th through the 16 th century. This also includes the frequently used trade routes of the Maritime Trade System. Expansion of the Mongol Empire during the 13 th century (Wait for animation) Golden Horde Chagatai Khanate Ilkhanate Yuan Dynasty
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Pictures The Empires according to the leaders who conquered it Eight of the fifteen Great Khagans of the Mongolian Empire
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Pictures Mongolian Empire migrations around the Eurasian continent. This shows the specific routes of each migration over the period of time that the Mongols ruled this land. (Ignore key)
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Pictures Current-day Mongolia The Mongolian Empire circa 1300
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Chronology 1206 Tumujin (the founder, ruler, and emperor of the Mongol Empire) receives the title of Genghis Khan (meaning Universal Ruler) after dominating Mongolia. 1207 Mongols attack Western Xia, which included northwest China and some areas of Tibet. 1210 Western Xia ruler surrenders to Genghis Khan. The Uyghur Turks also surrender peacefully to the Mongols and become important administrators within the empire. The classic Mongolian script was created in this year. 1211 Genghis Khan led his army against the Jin Dynasty (northern China) through the Gobi desert. 1218 Mongols capture Tarim Basin (400,000 km2 area located in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in far west China) Zhetysu (part of Russian Turkestan) this allows them to occupy Kashgar which is the oasis city in the Tarim Basin. Mongol envoys executed by the Kwarezmian Shah Muhammad which began the first motion for the Mongols to move westward. 1219 The Mongols cross the Jaxartes River in central Asia and begin to invade Transoxiana (a portion of central Asia that corresponds with modern0day Tajikistan, southwest Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan) 1221 At the same time the Mongols attacked central Asia and destroyed he Kwarezmid Empire in the Middle East 1223 The Mongols are victorious after the Battle of the Kalka River which was the Mongols first encounter with the East Slavic warriors. 1227
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Thematic Timeline Mongols - The Migration of the Mongols...

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