Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Empire

Yuan Dynasty and - Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Empire The Mongols built a vast empire across much of Asia founded the Yuan dynasty in China and opened

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Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Empire
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The Extent of the Mongol Empire The Mongols built a vast empire across much of Asia, founded the Yuan dynasty in China, and opened China and the region to greater foreign contacts and trade.
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In the 1200s a nomadic people called the Mongols burst forth from Central Asia to create the largest land empire in history. Vast steppes, grasslands, stretch across north-central Eurasia, home to nomadic peoples Steppes too dry for farming Nomads relied on herds of domesticated animals Often traded; but also swept down on settlements, took what they wanted Nomads from the Steppe Like Huns, Turks, the Mongols emerged as powerful nomadic people on Central Asian steppes Herded sheep, goats Skilled with horses Accustomed to living in harsh environment, competing for scarce resources • Tough people, fierce warriors Fierce Warriors The Mongols
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Mongolian Steppes
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Xinjiang Region – Typical Uygher  [Mongol] “Yurt”
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Separate Clans Mongols divided into separate clans, each led by a khan , chief • Khans rose to power through military skills, ability to lead 1100s, Temujin, powerful khan, began to conquer rivals, unite Mongol clans Campaign of Conquest Mongol forces began bloody campaign of conquest; highly mobile armies • Employed brutality, psychological warfare; burned towns, killed inhabitants Sent agents ahead to instill fear; soon people surrendered without a fight Genghis Khan 1206, Temujin completed task, took name Genghis Khan , “Universal Ruler” • Set out to build empire, organized Mongols into powerful military machine Strict discipline, demanded loyalty, rewarded those who pleased him The Universal Ruler
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Mongol Invasions
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Mongol Warriors
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Mongol Archer
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Genghis Kahn’s empire divided into four khanates, heir ruled each region; new Great Khan ruled over whole empire Grandsons resumed efforts to complete conquests of China, Korea, Persia 1236, Golden Horde, or Tartars,
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 210 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Yuan Dynasty and - Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Empire The Mongols built a vast empire across much of Asia founded the Yuan dynasty in China and opened

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