Feb+1+Archaic+Sculpture+and+Pottery

Feb+1+Archaic+Sculpture+and+Pottery - period and later...

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Archaic Greek: Sculpture and Painting
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9 th -8 th centuries BCE = city-states, with capital city, independent government, varying economic systems Not a unified nation until 1830 Athens: major power by 6 th century BCE, citizenship, voting, theater and philosophy (Sophocles, Euripedes, Socrates, Plato) Polytheistic, gods lived on Mt. Olympus, immortal but visualized as humans
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New conception of the human– new ways of thinking based on religion and philosophy Strict ideals of beauty and harmony– problems are identified, solved, and set aside. Styles change drastically over short periods of time. No independent paintings survive– mostly on pottery, few on walls. Most original bronze sculptures are lost– melted down and reused, copied in marble (Roman). Many art objects were functional in some way. Archaic– misleading name? Stresses difference between this time
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Unformatted text preview: period and later Classical art. Kouros of the Sounion Group (so called Metropolitan Kouros ), marble, ca. 600 BCE, 6’ 1 ½’’ kouros = young man kouroi = plural kore = young woman korai = plural Anavysos Kouros , c. 540 BCE, marble, 6’4’’ Inscription on base “Stop and grieve at the tomb of the dead Kroisos, slain by wild Ares in the front rank of battle.” *NOT IN JANSON* Peplos Kore, c. 530 BCE, marble, 4’ found at Acropolis, Athens Achilles and Ajax Playing Dice , Exekias, Attic amphora executed in the black figure technique, c. 530 BCE, 2’ *Eos carrying her dead son, Memnon, out of the battle at Troy, Douris, kylix (drinking cup) tondo (interior) painting in the red figure technique, ca. 490 BCE. Kritios Boy , c. 480 BCE (Classical, not Archaic), marble, 46’’...
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Feb+1+Archaic+Sculpture+and+Pottery - period and later...

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