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Unformatted text preview: 1 Monetary Policy & Strategy 1 The Fed normally targets the Fed Funds rate which it controls through open market operations, primarily repos, which influence bank reserves and thus the funds rate on these reserves. It no longer discusses monetary aggregates or targets them. Its primary long-run goal is price stability and it believes, in normal times, that low inflation will yield maximum long-run employment/growth and moderate long-run rates. The FOMC meets every 6 weeks, and hears forecasts and and issues a statement and a directive to manager of open market desk. Fed has moved to maximum transparency. Has previously focused on balance of risks i.e., whether inflation or recession poses more of a threat. Open market operations are the primary tool in normal times, with discount policy passive- i.e., the discount rate is set 1% above the funds rate target. Normally the Fed is very concerned with controlling inflationary expectations 2 Normally, the Fed is very concerned with controlling inflationary expectations and believes that transparency and credibility will allow it to do this. Since actual inflation = f(expected inflation, - U) if inflationary expectations increase, inflation will and it becomes difficult to bring it under control. A nominal anchor (low inflation say) and credibility (the Fed will do what it takes recession- to keep inflation low) will keep inflationary expectations low and thus inflation low. The Taylor rule started as a description of how Fed policy makers acted in setting the Fed Funds rate, but has become a prescription as to what the rate should be. In current situation, the Fed has creatively expanded lender of last resort role thru new lending facilities, provided direct lending, and undertaken other measures which have dramatically expanded its balance sheet. There is now talk of an exit strategy (how to reduce its balance sheet) In the News? 3 2 Course Issues Online Midterm next week 1 hour - Tuesday 10/19 6pm and Thursday 10/21 6pm. weeks 1-7 in 50 multiple choice questions more or less randomly drawn from hw 1-7. 4 Bus & Liberal arts career fair 10/15 Goldman 10/14? FOMC Statement 9/21/2010 ..pace of recovery in output and employment has slowed in recent months. Household spending is increasing gradually, but remains constrained by high unemployment, modest income growth, lower housing wealth, and tight credit. Business spending on equipment and software is rising, though less rapidly than earlier in the year, while investment in nonresidential structures continues to be weak structures continues to be weak. Employers remain reluctant to add to payrolls. Housing starts are at a depressed level....
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course 220 301 taught by Professor Carlshu-minglin during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '10
- The Land