02PolTheory_Post_

02PolTheory_Post_ - American Government Lecture 2 Political Theory Key Points from Lecture 1 Government is How people agree to interact with each

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American Government Lecture 2 - Political Theory
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Key Points from Lecture 1 Government is: How people agree to interact with each other, make decisions and resolve disputes Goals of government: Defense against Foreign Aggression Public Order Enforcement of Contracts and Property Rights Promote Stability Not always “Welfare of the People”
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Review from Lecture 1 Forms of government By who rules Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy By how much power they have Totalitarian Authoritarian Constitutional
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Review from Lecture 1 Trends Rule tends to expand from one to many Power tends to contract from total to limited American Government Constitutional government, with aspects of: Autocracy - President Oligarchy - Supreme Court, Senate Democracy - House and Senate
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Political Theory How can people live together? In order to answer, you need to have some belief about what people are like Political Theory is all about human nature Human nature = what people are like How can we devise a government that achieves its goals, given human nature? So what are people like, and how can we best live together?
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Historical Government Mainly Autocracy or Oligarchy Based on principles of force and might The strongest rule, the weakest serve Divine Right of Kings Goals of government are met Welfare only for those on top Those on bottom get no consideration
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Greece - Athens (600-322 BC) Democracy Demos - “the People” Kratein - “to rule” Democracy - “rule by the people” Rule not equal to voting Participation and discussion were paramount Citizenship vs. Idiocy Rulers were not all elected Random selection of representation
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Greece - Philosophy Plato/Socrates (428-348 BC)
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course 790 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at Rutgers.

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02PolTheory_Post_ - American Government Lecture 2 Political Theory Key Points from Lecture 1 Government is How people agree to interact with each

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