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10Congress_bw_ - American Government Lecture 10 Congress...

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American Government Lecture 10 - Congress
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Extra Credit Assignment 12 - 15 page paper on a political issue Hopefully of personal interest Examples: Stimulus War in Iraq Tuition Increases at RU Gun Control Terrorism Policy Parking at RU Health Care Use of Torture Football at RU Education Eminent Domain RU Monorail
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Extra Credit Assignment: Questions to answer What is the issue about? Importance? Current details of issue? History When did this first get talked about? What has been done in the past? What are the proposed solutions? On Both Sides Who is advocating what? What is your opinion? As your conclusion
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Congress Article I creates Legislative Branch Designed to be the most representative Power best placed in the hands of the people Designed to be the most powerful branch Most feared of the branches at the beginning President was effectively checked No money, no army, not given much power President could refuse to act, but could legislature overpower? Judiciary was effectively checked No money, no power, no enforcement Judiciary could rule against, but who would enforce? Congress given “reigns of power” Original major outside check was by elections Relies primarily on internal checks
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Congress’ Beginning Constitution provides structure Gives powers to Congress Explains design of Congress Explains some procedures First Congress elected - 1789 Have no idea of how to operate Constitution provides no details Combination of Design and Convention Constitutionally designed, but run through conventions Invent a committee system to use powers
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Structure Two Chambers Great Compromise House of Representatives Senate English Origins House of Commons House of Lords Use of Powers Requires strict procedures within Chambers Major internal check Requires agreement between Chambers Another major Internal check Designed to be slow and deliberative
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Powers of Congress Article I, Section 8 Four major sets of powers Economic Judicial Military Protective One bonus power 1. Economic Powers Raise money (taxes) Borrow money Coin money Make penalties for counterfeiting money Regulate Commerce Make Naturalization and Bankruptcy laws Establish Post Offices and Post Roads Promote science and arts through patents/copyrights
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Powers of Congress 2. Judicial Create courts lower than the Supreme Court Define and punish piracy 3. Military Declare War Raise armies, but for no longer than 2 years Raise a navy Make rules for governing armies and navies Call forth militia to execute laws, suppress rebellions and invasions Provide for training and equipping of militias
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Powers of Congress 4. Protective Make all laws for Washington DC Bonus - Expansive/Elastic Make all laws Necessary and Proper to carry out the above
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  • Winter '08
  • Staff
  • United States Congress, United States Senate, United States House of Representatives, President pro tempore of the United States Senate

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