22IntGrpsPolOpn

22IntGrpsPolOpn - American Government Lecture 21...

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American Government Lecture 21 - Participation and Interest Groups
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Announcement Exams graded Reminder: If you are writing an Extra Credit paper you must clear your topic with me Opportunity for Extra Credit on Exam 3 Senator Bill Bradley Dec. 7 at 7:30pm
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Interest Groups Any voluntary membership organization that pursues a common interest through political participation, aiming at influencing government policies and elections Often begun by people who act “irrationally” Develop professional or amateur groups Advocate for their cause Receive benefit outside of the one sought Easier to mobilize smaller groups than larger Diffusion of responsibility Parties vs. Interest groups Personnel vs. policy
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Gaining Membership Must move beyond public benefits No individual incentive Interest groups provide more than goals Selective Benefits Provide additional reasons to join and participate Provide specific things about group membership that will create a separate reason for joining 4 Types Informational Benefits Material Benefits Solidary Benefits Purposive Benefits
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Membership Benefits Rely on people’s desire to feel good/be happy Informational Benefits People like to feel informed Smart = happy By providing members info about policy and organization activity, people feel smarter Newsletters, websites, email listserves, magazines Material Benefits People like to have stuff Stuff = happy By providing people with things, it provides an incentive to join/maintain membership T-shirts, mugs, hats, discount cards
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Membership Benefits Solidary Benefits People like having friends Friends = happy Give people something to belong to/people to interact with Weekly meetings, activities, conferences Purposive Benefits People like being important/making a difference • Feeling important = happy Give people feeling of doing something good Inform of success stories, value of mission
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6 main Business/Agriculture Labor Professional Associations Public Interest Groups Ideological Groups Public-Sector Groups Business/Agriculture Groups Advocate for specific or general business interests Tax breaks, trade agreements, subsidies, etc. Can be individual or grouped
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course 790 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at Rutgers.

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22IntGrpsPolOpn - American Government Lecture 21...

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