Dec7 - SOCIOLOGY101 IntroductiontoSociology Social...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SOCIOLOGY 101    Introduction to Sociology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Social Movements and Social Change
Background image of page 2
What is Social Change? A shift in the characteristics of culture and society
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
How does social change take place? Cultural Evolution: each society evolves from simpler to more complex forms Natural Cycles: likens civilizations to organisms (birth-maturity-decline) Result of technological change: technological determinism e.g., plow agricultural soc, steam engine industrial rev, microchip information rev) Struggle for Power: recurring power struggle leads to continual social change
Background image of page 4
Social movements and social change Conscious, concerted, and relatively sustained efforts by organized groups of ordinary persons to change (promote or resist) some aspect of their society by extra- institutional means
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Why movements?   Why do people need movements? Issues of disadvantage, power differentials Why do people think they need movements? Issues of interests, grievance formation, ideologies. Why are people able to form movements? Issues of resources, capacities, opportunities. Why do movements succeed? Issues of opportunity, strategy. Why do movements rise and fall? Issues of coevolution, dynamics.
Background image of page 6
Choosing Sides, Choosing Theory There is a broad tendency to use different theories for movements we agree with and those we disagree with Our own movements Respond to core principles of justice, morality and characterized by clear thinking. Principal focus on identifying the most effective forms of action Opponents Irrational, deluded even motivated by evil OR cynical, hiding their true motives Principal focus on explaining how people could think such things, or on exposing the “true” sources of the movement
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Choosing Sides  (continued) Goal is to treat movements as even-handedly as possible in our theory, use the same theories for all movements, or be able to explain theoretically why they differ This does NOT mean we give up our capacity to form political or moral judgments about right and wrong
Background image of page 8
Basic Definitions Protest = the act of challenging, resisting, or making demands upon authorities, powerholders, and/or cultural beliefs and practices by some individual or group Social movement = a collective, organized, sustained, and noninstitutional challenge to authorities, powerholders, or cultural beliefs and practices. Revolutionary movement = a social movement that seeks, at a minimum, to overthrow the government or state
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
movements As groups of people--but a movement can continue as the people in it come and go As a (single) challenge that lasts a long time-- but misses the complexity of movements As preferences for change--but although the preferences bound a movement, they are not the thing itself Social movement: a complex set of collective campaigns and other collective events broadly oriented to the same general goal
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 36

Dec7 - SOCIOLOGY101 IntroductiontoSociology Social...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online