Self and Soul TA - Self and Soul TA Session: Crito-Trying...

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Self and Soul TA Session: Crito- Trying to convince Socrates to leave jail. Crito had three basic arguments: 1) First Argument: “IF SOCRATES DOESN’T ESCAPE, IT WILL MAKE HIS FRIENDS LOOK BAD” - CLAIM: If Socrates doesn’t escape, it will make his friends look bad. (Because it would look like they didn’t try to save him.). Socrates doesn’t think much of this because he thinks it is a fallacy. - This is wrong because- Fallacy: If the general public approves/disapproves of X, X is good/bad. (He thinks that this line of reason is false. Socrates does not think too much of the public. He does not think we should abandon our past ethical beliefs just because the circumstances change.) - This is also wrong because- This is inconsistent: One shouldn’t abandon your beliefs when the circumstances change. - We should reject the claim that “if Socrates doesn’t escape, it will make his friends look bad” because: 1) It is a fallacy. We should not think much of the public 2) It is inconsistent. One should not change their beliefs just because the circumstances change. 2) Second Argument: “IF SOCRATES DOESN’T ESCAPE, WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO HIS KIDS?” - If he runs away, he could not engage in philosophical discourse. If he cannot engage in philosophical discourage, then he cannot continue self examination, understanding, pursuit of knowledge, etc. The good life is-- Those activities 3) Third Argument: Crito says that Socrates is being unjustly killed. If he does not do anything about it, he is contributing to the unjustice. “HIS EXECUTORS ARE WRONG TO EXECUTE HIM. BY STAYING, SOCRATES IS COMPLICIT IN THIS WRONGDOING” Socrates has four basic responses to this: 1) It is always wrong to serve injustice with injustice. (two wrongs don’t make a right). He also says that by staying in Athens, he has tacitly affirmed the laws of Athens. It would be rather inconsistent of him to leave now. (He was free to leave when ever he wanted to
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Self and Soul TA - Self and Soul TA Session: Crito-Trying...

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