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Six Common Rules for Comma Use Handout

Six Common Rules for Comma Use Handout - 4 Walking home...

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Six Common Rules for Comma Use 1. Series of Adjectives Use a comma when a series of three or more adjectives modify a noun. 1 Sal’s band plays loud , abrasive , complex music. 2. Series of Items Use a comma to separate three or more items in a series. 1 Anna’s grandmother is good at making fudge, nursing hurt animals , tending fruit trees , telling stories , and playing Scrabble. 3. FANBOYS – For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction that joins two complete sentences. 1 Glenn was craving Krispy Kreme donuts , but he knew it was a bad idea to eat too much sugar before going to bed. 4. Introductory Clauses Use a comma after material that introduces a complete sentence. NOTE: There are six types of introductory clauses. 1 Since my parents enjoy watching movies , they go every weekend. (Dependent word) 2 In Mexico , the Day of the Dead is a traditional holiday. (Preposition) 3 To learn ballroom dancing correctly , you should take lessons. (Infinitive verb = “to” + verb)
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Unformatted text preview: 4 Walking home from school , the young boy found a fifty-dollar bill. (Present participle) 5 Dr. King said, “At the center of non-violence stands the principle of love.” (Signal verb) 6 Elaine caught the flu. Therefore, she had to miss her cousin’s wedding. (Transitional word) 5. Nonessential vs. Essential Clauses Use commas around a “nonessential clause,” which is material that is extra information and does not change the meaning of the sentence when taken out. 1 My brother, who is single , lives in New York City. ( nonessential) 2 My brother who is single lives in New York City. (essential) 6. Interrupters Use commas to set off information that “interrupts” the flow of a sentence. Interrupters can be emotional interjections ( oh, well, wow ), parenthetical expressions ( to be exact, in fact, it seems ), and transitional words ( moreover, however, therefore ). 1 People think my English accent sounds fake. My girlfriend , however, thinks it’s attractive....
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