Paragraph Guidelines Handout

Paragraph Guidelines Handout - street. Organizing sentences...

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Paragraph Guidelines A paragraph is a series of related sentences grouped together in an orderly way in support of a single point. Here are some guidelines to follow when writing a paragraph: 1. Each paragraph should make a single point. You should state this point in the first or second sentence of the paragraph, which is known as the “topic sentence” or controlling idea. 2. The following sentences of the paragraph should provide examples, explanations, or details that support your topic sentence. 3. Your supporting sentences should be arranged in an order that helps make your point clearly. The order is up to you, but you should follow it consistently throughout the paragraph. Here are some examples: a. Chronological order: Use chronological order when explaining “what happened.” Arranging sentences in chronological order means starting with what happened first, moving to what happened next, and finishing with what happened last. b. Spatial order: Use spatial order when describing a physical object, such as a building or
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Unformatted text preview: street. Organizing sentences in spatial order means describing the object from top to bottom or from left to right. Just be consistent. A disorganized paragraph creates a disorganized picture in the readers mind. c. Cause and effect: Use cause and effect when showing how something caused something else. Structuring the paragraph as cause and effect means outlining the causes first and pointing out how they produced the effects. Showing how something caused something else develops your topic sentence more effectively than simply stating it. 4. Finally, the paragraph should be long enough to support your topic sentence. Some topic sentences need more supporting information than others, so there is no magic number. However, a paragraph shorter than 100 words is usually too short to fully explain the paragraphs point to a reader....
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course ANT101 ANT101 taught by Professor Nancy during the Spring '10 term at Ashford University.

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