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Notes - Module 40 - 42 - Therapies 1 Psychotherapy an...

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Therapies 1. Psychotherapy - an emotionally charged, confiding, interaction between a trained therapist and someone who is experiencing psychological difficulties. 2. Theories of Psychotherapy 1. Psychoanalysis 1. Evolved from from the work of Freud who believed that difficulties are manifestations of repressed memories or events in the unconscious. By gaining understanding and insight into them the client can move past these difficulties and be relieved of his or her difficulties. 2. Newer variations of traditional psychoanalysis are referred to by the term Psychodynamic Therapies. Goals are similar but there is somewhat more emphasis on social, cognitive and cultural influences as variables in the process of change. 3. Techniques 1. Free Association 2. Dream work 3. Analysis of Resistance 4. Analysis of Transference 5. Projective testing 4. Limitations 1. Minimal patient responsibility for change 2. Little or no emphasis on conscious motives or the "here and now" 3. Long term and costly 2. Person Centered 1. Humanistic Theory based, on the work of Carl Rogers . 2. Uses power of the relationship to encourage change. 3. Promotes Self-Actualization.
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4. Uses acceptance, Unconditional Positive Regard is technique of total acceptance of another. 5. Relationship based, willing to risk, therapist must like and respect the client. 6. Emphasis on empathy as process of helping client to understand self and process of change. 7. Therapist is very non-directive, by this he or she listens, reflects and facilitates but does not interpret for the client. 3. Gestalt Therapy 1. Founded by Fritz Perls. 2. "Here and Now" focus, goal to increase awareness of feelings and conflicts. 3. Work to help client resolve any "unfinished business" affect him or her now. 4. Existential Therapy 1. More vague than others as it is more philosophical in nature. 2. Goal to find one's meaning in life as an attempt to understand themselves and the means work around difficulties faced in life. 3. Leads to resolution of conflicts and initiative for coping and change.
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