Notes - Modules 36 - 39

Notes - Modules 36 - 39 - Psychological Disorders 1 The...

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Psychological Disorders 1. The Nature of Abnormality 1. Abnormal behavior is defined by how it is: 1. Atypical 2. Disturbing 3. Maladaptive 4. Unjustifiable 2. Supernatural Theories 1. From early man, through bible thought to be caused by spirits or demons. Treatment often purgative, or religious 2. Middle Ages Influenced by thought of Church treated by exorcism 3. Biogenic Theories 1. Medical Model - The concept that disorders have physical causes that can be diagnosed and treated. Until reacently the treatment was "medical" as well including often stays in pyschiatric hospitals and use medications 1. Hippocrates - Greek physcian an early proponent of this model. He believed in biological causes of disorders specificall the inbalance of the 4 humors(blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile) 4. Psychological Theories 1. Bio-Psycho-Social Model 1. A contemporary model that assumes that biological, socio-cultural and psychological factors interact and may result in a psychologial disorder 5. Anxiety Disorders : 2-4%of population shows severe anxiety 1. Fears and Phobias 1. Phobic Disorders are irrational fear of specific object, activity, or situation, results in compelling desire to avoid them. 2. Agoraphobia is marked fear of being alone or in public places, the fears dominate the persons life. 3. Appears to be maintained by principles of operant conditioning, negative reinforcement, which works by reinforcing the phobia by removing aversive stimulus of fear of going outside. The fear is never permitted to become extinguished. 4. Social Phobia is fear of scrutiny by others, avoids social or public things
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5. Simple Phobia is fear of object or situation than the above, usually referred as "specific" phobias 6. Panic Disorder , 4-10 million Americans, overwhelming physiological symptoms become present and affect ability to function in the situation 7. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (less than 5% of population) 1. Recurrent obsessions (ideas, thought, images, etc). that are ego- dystonic ( not voluntary), they invade consciousness, attempts are made to repress them. 2. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors that are performed according to certain rules, senseless results, only release of tension. No pleasure is derived from them! 8. Somatoform Disorders - physical symptoms suggesting physical disorders 1. Somatization disorder is loss of physical function, related to need or conflict, enables avoidance of activities, allows secondary gains. Does not fit natural dermatomes or nerve patterns 2. Somatoform Pain Disorders - Primary symptom is Pain, of no physical cause. 9. Dissociative Disorders are alteration in normal consciousness, identity, or perception 1. Psychogenic Fugue - sudden unexpected travel with new identity an inability to recall one's previous identity. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PSY 100 taught by Professor Farthing during the Winter '08 term at University of Maine Orono .

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Notes - Modules 36 - 39 - Psychological Disorders 1 The...

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