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IR-1 - Lecture 1:The Dominant Doctrine-Political Realism...

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Lecture 1:The Dominant Doctrine--Political Realism The Purpose of a Doctrine: -To make sense of a complex world through simplifying assumptions -To provide guidelines for practical policy The Origins of Realism: -Pessimism but not hopeless -Most influential -Reaction to “Idealism” following World War I 1. Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations (embryo of world government) 2. Belief in collective security and international law. 3. Belief in an ethically evolved international community. -Reaction to the reality of World War II Principal theorist : Hans J. Morgenthau ( Politics Among Nations , 1948). Henry Kissinger, George Kennan Tenets of Morgenthau’s realism -Morality has no place in international relations -Main interest of states: the pursuit of POWER (there is a “need” for power). -Power is relative Main policy goal: to manage power responsibly by balancing power. How to establish a balance of power: -Divide and weaken (examples) -Compensate the weak side -Arm -Alliances -A “bandwagon” effect?
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