IR-5 - Mood Theory (Alec Lawrence McFie) War most likely...

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Lecture 5: The Domestic Context of War Systemic theories assume that, because states tend to act in a predatory or hostile manner, peace depends on a proper distribution of power But they don’t explain why states may decide to act in that manner The reason they may do so is rooted either: –In an objective conflict of interest between nations. Territory Economics Ideational values –In the domestic drives of nations. This is what we will focus on today: Scapegoat Theory –Nations tend to engage in war when things are going badly within, and when support for government is shaky. –Sometimes domestic scapegoats serve the purpose. –Domestic unrest may be quelled by external conflict in three ways. –Critique : This is a politically risky strategy.
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Unformatted text preview: Mood Theory (Alec Lawrence McFie) War most likely when things are going well economically (cycle upswing) Based on examination of European wars between 1848-1918. Two reasons why war most likely during periods of economic expansion: (a) ability (b) self-confidence. Critique : (a) historically true? (b) logically compelling? Marxian theory (Lenin) Profits depend on ratio of variable (v) to constant capital (c). Only variable capital produces surplus value (s). Total value: V=s+c+v; profit rate: p=s/(c+v) Profit rates tend to decline. Imperialist (i.e. colonial expansion) may be the solution. Critique : (a) historically true (WWI, LDCs)? (b) profit rates dont really decline....
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course POL 003 taught by Professor Nincic during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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