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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 8: International Organizations ¡History: 1865: ITU; 1874: UPU, League of Nations League of Nations ¡ Purpose- ¡ Structure : Council, Assembly, Secretariat, ICJ (+ILO). ¡ Problems : ◦Rule of unanimity ◦No military capability, just economic sanctions ◦Membership ¡ Performance ◦Some successes ◦Failure of collective security: Manchuria, Abyssinia (Ethiopia), Poland United Nations ¡Founded 1945, San Francisco (51 states) ¡ Major purposes : collective security/peace, international economic and social progress. ¡ Structure : ◦Security council ¡5 permanent, 10 non-permanent members ¡Veto power of permanent members ◦General Assembly ¡One nation-one vote ¡Non-security matters ◦Secretariat/Secretary general-Economic and Social Council (administers specialized agencies).-International Court of Justice (ICJ) ¡ Performance during Cold War: ◦During Cold War, no collective security (veto problem) ◦Other accomplishments: “good offices,” peacekeeping ¡ Performance since Cold War: ◦No automatic veto...
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course POL 003 taught by Professor Nincic during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.
- Fall '08
- International Organizations