1/26 Chinese Immigrants and U.S. Citizenship • Immigration from China o 1850-1870: 300,000 to U.S. – mostly men from agricultural southern China that was having hard economic times o The First Wave – CA Gold Rush o The Second Wave – Transcontinental Railroad. Built by Chinese by way of indentured servants. o Citizenship Status in U.S.? Chinese showed lack of will to assimilate. They kept hair and dress style, traditions, etc. Chinese could not become naturalized citizens U.S. Naturalization Law, 1790 – only those who are freed white persons can become naturalized citizens U.S. Naturalization Law, Reconstruction – changed naturalization law so that “people of African descent” could become naturalized citizens. • Reconstruction Tensions o Republicans (in CA) push for “equality under law” o CA Gubernatorial Election, 1867 o Democrats win with the White Supremacy. • Anti-Chinese Movement of the 1870s
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