POLS2221 Lecture Notes 9-21-2011

POLS2221 Lecture Notes 9-21-2011 - Week Nine: Post-9/11 -...

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Week Nine: Post-9/11 - Ideational Structures On Today’s Trail C. Rice: ‘ The fall of the Berlin Wall and the fall of the World Trade Center were the bookends of a long transition period’ (2003) ended last class with this quote Ideational forces on the move; a travel in time The PNAC (the politicians) Neo-conservatism (the philosophy) ~ 1978
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9/11- A Question of Meaning Pearl Harbor revisited? Pearl Harbor Two? A matter of ontological security? Existential threat? Americans become conscious of their vulnerability (lost illusions?) Transformative effect on the discourse of security within the United States Instrumentality of fear
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Ideational Structures: the PNAC Nature and purpose of US power Challenge of the coming century: To preserve and enhance the ‘American peace’  Strategy of US pre-eminence today and tomorrow  Hard power enhancement Alternative ? Lessened US global leadership and loss of global security order “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” – September 2000 US leadership is good for America and good for the world
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Cold War 21st Century (PNAC) Security system Bipolar Unipolar Strategic goal Contain the Soviet Union Preserve Pax Americana Main military mission(s) Deter Soviet expansionism Secure and expand zones of democratic peace; deter rise of new great power competitor; defend key regions; exploit transformation of war Main military threat(s) Potential global war across many theatres Potential theatre wars across globe Focus of strategic competition Eastern Europe Eastern Asia
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4 Essential Missions Homeland defense Large wars Win multiple, simultaneous large scale wars Constabulary duties Re. long-term, independent constabulary operations Transform US Armed Forces RMA  critical restructuring, including in
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POLS2221 Lecture Notes 9-21-2011 - Week Nine: Post-9/11 -...

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