POLS2221 Lecture 5 Notes

POLS2221 Lecture 5 Notes - POLS2221 The US & the Evolving...

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Lecture Five: Wilson, Versailles & POLS2221 - The US & the Evolving International Order
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Today’s Intervention Pre-war Wilsonism The War to end all wars The Fourteen Points Plan Congress turns The legacy: Wilsonism today
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American National Mission: Humanitarianism Abroad Bearing in mind M.D. & the rationale for the 1898 Spanish American war Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation ~ paternalism: ‘They are children and we are men’; they can’t deal with deep matters of government and justice Progressive in intent but imperialistic in character: Responsibility to annex!
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Domestic/ Foreign Interest The success of the American democratic experiment depended upon the development of democracy abroad Three ways to make it happen: Ideas (the founders: Paine, Jefferson) The rule of law Arms – ‘Benevolent assimilation (The new interventionists: McKinley, Woodrow Wilson – Haiti, Mexico)
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The Magnet: ‘Virtuous’ state-building? Haiti, Mexico, Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Panama, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, Siberia (cf the Roosevelt corollary) Change of government (to teach them to elect good men) + US troops = internal resistance  repression! In most places, US assistance was rejected
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Democratic Interventionism Serving the international common good by fomenting ‘a family of mankind devoted to… true constitutionalism’ Serving the interest of democracy as a national mission Paternalistic imperialism: If they do not embrace democracy willingly, “The United States must make them” (Wilson)
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Democratic Interventionism; Rationale Self-abnegating national destiny Superior ideals reflected in federal system  Universalistic in nature  US as virtuous mentor for how self- government should be created and maintained Meanwhile, the Old World was playing its old game…
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The International Order in 1914 Europe-driven order
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course POLS 2221 taught by Professor Durand during the Three '11 term at Queensland.

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POLS2221 Lecture 5 Notes - POLS2221 The US & the Evolving...

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