POLS2221 Lecture 8 Notes

POLS2221 Lecture 8 Notes - Week Eight The post-Cold War...

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Week Eight: The post-Cold War; Order or Disorder? Today’s Order of Procedures The end of the Cold War: The unipolar moment The new world order and Operation Desert Storm ‘Post-Cold War’ Order: Characteristics
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Under What Circumstances Does an Order Change? Peter Katzenstein’s views history as a ‘sequence of irregular big bangs’ Changes in FP occur at ‘defining’ moments: mainly at the ending of wars A semi-anomaly: The ending of the C.
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Another Big Bang? Contra any rationale prediction, the S.U. implodes: suddenly, peaceably, almost quietly A most incredible development in the history of the state system “For the first time in memory, a fundamental transformation of the international system had occurred without a major war as the engine of change” (Rochester)
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The Unipolar Moment Combination of sudden collapse of S.U., slow down in Japan and Europe, as well as U.S. outsized military spending  Bipolarity vanishes Unipolarity: relates to the distinctive distribution of material resources: military, economic, technological, ‘geogra-phical’ (Ikenberry)
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The Unipolar Moment The end of the CW left the US in a position of overwhelming power unseen since the Roman Empire… in virtually every important dimension of power Disappearance of other poles of power Unprecedented unipolar moment offers new opportunities and choices Consensual or coercive; legitimate or illegitimate?
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The Unipolar Moment Would unipolarity remove constraints and alter the force/ consent mix in favour of force? Would the NOW be built around rules and institutions or based upon the unilateral exercise of unilateral power? George H. Bush: “the US should remain engaged in world affairs to ensure peaceful developments and remove new threats”
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The Unipolar Moment: Policy Choice The dominant flavours: liberal democracy & HR “Our objective must be to exploit the unparalleled opportunity presented by the C.W.’s end to work towards transforming this new world into a N.W.O, one of governments that are democratic, tolerant and economically free at home and committed abroad to settling differences peacefully”
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The End of the Cold War: End of History? The disappearance of the S.U. left a big
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POLS2221 Lecture 8 Notes - Week Eight The post-Cold War...

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