GOVT 2302 - Chapter 25

GOVT 2302 - Chapter 25 - Chapter 25 Chapter Outline Court...

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Chapter 25 Chapter Outline Court Structure Texas is unique in that it has two supreme courts—one for civil cases, which is called the Supreme Court of Texas, and one for criminal cases, which is called the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. The nine justices who sit on each court, like all judges in Texas, are elected. The election of justices is just another example of popular control over individuals chosen to govern in Texas. I. How can one describe the large and complex structure of the Texas court system? What is the jurisdiction and authority of each level of court? At the highest level are the Texas Supreme Court for civil matters and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals for criminal matters. o Both courts have nine justices who are elected to six-year terms. o Both courts have appellate jurisdiction. o To be a candidate for judge, one must be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Texas, and at least thirty-five years old, and one must either be a practicing lawyer or have been a judge for ten years. o All attorneys are licensed by the Texas Supreme Court and are members of the State Bar of Texas. The fourteen Courts of Appeal are the next level of courts; they also have appellate jurisdiction. The major trial courts are the district courts, which are responsible for conducting trials in civil and criminal cases. Some district courts specialize in a particular type of case, like juvenile or family law. There are also county judges, county courts (and statutory county courts at law), statutory probate courts, justice of the peace courts, and municipal courts. The Legal Process I. What are the differences between civil and criminal law in Texas? Civil law involves a dispute, usually between private individuals over relationships, obligations, and responsibility (e.g., contracts, property, personal injury). Criminal law involves the violation of a criminal statute and is brought by the state
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course GOVT 2302 taught by Professor Billy during the Spring '12 term at University of Texas.

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GOVT 2302 - Chapter 25 - Chapter 25 Chapter Outline Court...

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