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AP US History Review -Boards test

AP US History Review -Boards test - AP US History Review...

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AP US History Review 2009 Session #3 1850- Imperialism Includes the following chapters from The American Pageant (12 th edition): Ch 19-28 Ch 19 Drifting Toward Disunion, 1854-1861 “So you’re the little lady who wrote the book that started this great war ?”: [“No . You and every politician is responsible for this war as you are all wars , so shut your bearded face dude !”] Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin intended to show the cruelty of slavery, a powerful political force Many Northerners would not help enforce the Fugitive Slave Law/Act after reading it British & French citizens read it – Their governments knew the common citizens would not support intervention on the side of the South and slavery Other books about slavery from the time : Hinton R. Helper’s The Impending Crisis of the South - argued that non-slaveholding white southerners suffered the most from slavery “Bleeding Kansas ”: Proslavery southerners regarded Kansas as slave territory by 1855 “Bleeding Kansas” in mid-1850s – Lecompton Constitution was identified with proslavery (Border Ruffians from MO/”Bushwackers”), and The New England Immigrant Aid Society was associated with anti-slavery/free soilers (“Jayhawkers” from Lawrence, KS) 1856 – Breaking point in Kansas – attack on Lawrence by proslavery raiders Pres. Buchanan backed the Lecompton Constitution which hopelessly divided the Democratic Party Lecompton Constitution proposed the state of KS (1861) protect slavery already in KS Mid-1850s – KS indicated the impracticality of “popular sovereignty” in territories (“Bleeding Kansas”) Kansas’s Lecompton Constitution allowed slavery in territory - supported by Buchanan & proslavery settlers “Bleeding Sumner ”: “Bleeding Sumner” – MA Sen. Charles Sumner insulted Sen. Butler and the South – “the harlot slavery” - So, Preston Brooks, southern congressman and cousin of Sen. Butler, beat Sumner severely with his cane in the Capital bldg – Sumner never completely recovered from the severe assault – Brooks was sent canes to replace the one he broke while beating Sumner - This revealed the inflamed passion over slavery in North & South 1856 Election : Candidates & Parties for 1856 election: Frémont – Republican (1 st Rep candidate ever), Fillmore – Know-Nothing (the American Party), & Buchanan – Democrat (He won!) A Weak President Does Nothing : James Buchanan - chosen Democratic nominee for the 1856 election b/c he was not associated w/ KS-NB Act “Lame Duck” President Buchanan did not believe the Constitution gave him authority to use force to keep the South in the Union (USA). He was a lawyer from PA. (“Lame Duck’ presidents are waiting for the president-elect to take office) President Buchanan declined using force to keep the South in the Union b/c: He believed secession was unconstitutional. He believed the Constitution did not give him the authority to use force to preserve the Union. He thought Northern public opinion would not support the use of force as many felt the South should be let go peacefully from the Union if they so chose.
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