Chapter 5 Unit Test Questions from AP Review Sheet

Chapter 5 Unit Test Questions from AP Review Sheet - Ch 23...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 23 Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age, 1869-1896 Rewards of service for Grant : At the end of the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant accepted gifts such as houses & money from citizens in NY, IL, 1868 Election : Election of 1868 – Grant owed his victory to the votes of Freedmen/former slaves (~500,000) Civil War results : Result of the Civil War – waste, extravagance, speculation, & graft (corruption) reduced the moral stature of the Republic/the USA : Late 19 th century – political candidates who campaigned “waving the bloody shirt” reminded voters – of treason of Confederate Democrats during the Civil War Most presidents of the 1870s & 1880s – were Civil War veterans (except Cleveland, who hired a substitute), Successful politicians in the post-Civil War decades usually – were party loyalists During the Gilded Age, Democrats & Republicans – had few significant economic differences (still battled) Late 19 th century – Republicans associated w/ cultural values of – Puritanism, personal morality, community welfare, active gov’t regulation, not toleration Late 19 th century elections – Democrats could count on support of – South, Northern industrial cities, immigrant groups, Catholics & Lutherans, not Midwestern rural USA “Spoils System ” (Patronage : During the Gilded Age, the lifeblood of both the Democratic and Republican parties – political patronage The Spoils System – to pay off supporters with government jobs that were highly profitable “Spoilsmen” – label attached to those who – expected gov’t jobs from their party’s elected office holders : One reason for the high voter turn out rates & partisan fervor (supporting one’s party) of the Gilded Age o Democrats – Tolerant, Lutheran, Catholic members o William Marcy “Boss” Tweed ( Gangs of New York ): One weapon used to put William Marcy “Boss” Tweed of the Tammany Hall political machine in NYC in jail when returned to USA, cartoon satirist Thomas Nast would not take bribe to quit lampooning him, Tweed said, “my constituents can’t read, but they can see those damn pictures!”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course HISTORY 101 taught by Professor Whittaker during the Spring '12 term at E. Stroudsburg.

Page1 / 13

Chapter 5 Unit Test Questions from AP Review Sheet - Ch 23...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online