Chapter 3 North South paragraphs II

Chapter 3 North South paragraphs II - Sectionalism In...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sectionalism In Antebellum America Following the Revolutionary War, Americans began going about the business of building a country. They developed a Constitution, elected officials, fought another war, and began exploring and developing the new nation. Slowly the Americans began to view their nation as a nation with two sections, each one with a distinctive and homogenous culture: the North and the South. These differences were readily apparent by the early 1800’s. Whereas the North had developed into an industrialized region with many cities, a large population, and an efficient network of railroads, canals, and roads for transportation, the South was nearly a complete opposite. The South had fewer cities, a smaller population, relied on agriculture as an industry and lacked a transportation system as large as in the North. Other differences could be seen in the kind of labor force employed, the attitude toward the Federal Government, the geography, and the values and beliefs of the people. This paper will focus on three areas of significance: the social issue of slavery, the economy and urbanization. First, the most significant difference between the North and the South probably was the use of slaves. This issue was so emotional and divisive for both regions that it led to a Civil War between the North and South. The growing industrialization in the North created a need for a larger workforce. But the North was committed to a free labor economy. Instead of slaves, the factories, mills and other businesses employed the local citizens. Consequently, people began to leave the farm to live in a city where work was available. An influx of immigrants from Europe also took place because of the promise of jobs in the cities. On the other hand, the South had never abandoned the use of slaves as most of the North had done. Therefore, most of the workers on the many farms were either slaves or poor farmers who managed to own their own land. It was a common misconception in the North that everyone in the South had slaves; probably as few as 25% of the white population owned slaves. Most of the slaves were concentrated on the large plantations that had developed in response to the need for cotton by the North and Britain for their textile mills. There was also a migration into new territories in the South that created more large
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 3 North South paragraphs II - Sectionalism In...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online