EALC ID’s

EALC ID’s - IDs Confucianism Confucious-...

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ID’s Confucianism Confucious- Kong Fuzi -Born 551 BCE -Responsible for innovations in Education -His teachings/philosophy, which emphasized personal and government morality, correctedness of social relationships, justice and sincerity Text- “Analects” -Means “selection of conversations” -Compiled by his followers Touchstone of Confucianism is the primacy of humanistic ethics in a man- centered world Confucius was China’s first Moral Philosopher Confucian virtue of “ren” means compassion The key to solving political ills of his times was knowing about the ancients. Daoism -Text “Daodejing” -Dao=The way/path -Underlying principle of Daoism -“The Dao” cannot be seen or touched it is an experience -Yin/Yan -Symbolizes Balance -Yin=feminine, dark, negative, weak -Yan=masculine, light, positive, strong -Wu Wei -Without Action/Do not stir things up -3 Jewels of Daoism -Compassion -Simplicity -Modesty -Laozi -Founder of Daoism -no education was necessary to achieve harmony/integrity -knowledge corrupts the peace of mind, casts doubts, forms oppositions -Zhuangzi -court official, left his position to engage with nature
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using the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish -life forms have innate ability to adapt to their surroundings Mozi- Master Mo -Text “Mozi” -Opposed Confucious views -Founded Mohism -Thought Confuciounism was too fatalistic and too much emphasis on rituals which was harmful to livelihood and production of common people -Mozi emphasized self-reflection rather than obedience to ritual -while reflecting to one’s own success/failure, one attains self knowledge -Advocated mutual concern for all -emphasized utility Mencius -most famous follower of Confucious -opposed Mozi and said “utility prevents social unity” -critiqued rulers for selfishmenss and lack of responsibility -Man is innately good (state of nature) -said education awakens human mind, but denounced memorization and advocated active engagement within a text Legalism -term invented in Han dynasty -3 aspects of Legalism -Fa=law, principle -all under the ruler are equal in front of the law -law runs the state, not the ruler -Shu=method -spec ial methods used by ruler to prevent power takeover -Shi=position -it is the position of the ruler that holds the power, not the ruler himself -Legalist: nobody can escape state control Buddhism Text-“Jataka” Buddha means “Enlightened One” Bodhisattva’s helped people
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EALC ID’s - IDs Confucianism Confucious-...

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